What I learned today

August 21, 2017

  • We learned a lot of commands we can use in terminal. With those commands we wrote some code within the text editor of the terminal. Whenever you executed the code, it will ask you for an input and print out Hello __!
    • cd=navigate somewhere
    • mkdir=create folder
    • nano=enter text editor within terminal
    • less=see contents of file
    • ls=list out contents within folder
    • javac=compile code
    • java=execute code
  • We also learned about compiling and interpreting. To better understand the concept, we used an analogy about frozen and fresh pizzas. When you compile, you first have to develop and write the source code (getting a chef to follow a recipe and make a fresh pizza). Then you have to compile it (the chef has to now bake it). And you can now only execute that source code on that one type of platform (you can only eat the pizza at the restaurant, you can’t get take out). However, in interpreting, you have the developers make the source code (make a frozen pizza). Then anyone can come and buy the frozen pizza and bake it in the oven. In this case, we will be using Java Virtual Machine. This is so that we can use the code on another platform.



Act 1 Scene 1

3 witches were talking about when they were going to meet again for their encounter with Macbeth

Act 1 Scene 2

A soldier has told King Duncan that Macbeth and Banquao has fought well so as a reward Macbeth get a new title as Thane of Caunder

Act 1 Scene 3

The three witches meet Macbeth and Banquao and has told them that Macbeth has gained the title Thane of Caunder and Banquao will have children that will be king of scots. Macbeth hears from the witch that its possible for him to become King, and he believes them

Act 1 Scene 4

King Duncan and Macbeth and Banquao meet and the King congratulates then for fighting so well, but then gives the roll as the next King to Malcolm (King Duncan’s son).

Act 1 Scene 5

Lady Macbeth really wants Macbeth to become King because the thought of being queen pleases her. So when she finds out that King Duncan is coming to visit their castle, it gives her the opportunity to kill King Duncan. However, Macbeth doesn’t really want to do that, but Lady Macbeth tells him to leave it to her.

Act 1 Scene 6

King Ducan finally visits the castle and he talks about how beautiful the castle is on the outside and praises Macbeth In the inside its really rotten just like the two owners, Lady Macbeth and Macbeth.

Act 1 Scene 7

Macbeth thinks about what will happen to him in the after life if he kills Duncan and concludes to himself that he shouldn’t kill him even if God won’t judge him. Lady Macbeth comes in and Macbeth tells her that he won’t murdrur Duncan, as a result, Lady Macbeth insults him and convinces him that Macbeth should kill him during Duncan’s sleep

Act 2 Scene 1

Macbeth thinks to himself about killing Duncan and decides that it will only be harder to kill the king if he keeps thinking about it. He hears the bell and goes to commit the murdrur.

Act 2 Scene 2

Lady Macbeth has just drugged the two guards of Duncan and Macbeth has just killed King Duncan and his son with daggers. When Macbeth returns to her wife with blood smeared all over his hands, Lady Macbeth takes the daggers and put them in the hands of the two guards, and put blood on them. This was to frame them and make it as if the guards killed the King and his son.

Act 2 Scene 3

Two soldiers come to visit King Duncan and find that he is dead. And as people in the castle start to stress out Macbeth says that he killed the two soldiers (who everyone thought were the ones who killed Duncan) in pretending to be raged at them for killing Duncan.  In addition, the two sons of Duncan have fled to England and Ireland because of their own safety.

Act 2 Scene 4

Because Duncan’s two sons have fled, Ross suspects that they were the ones who killed the King. So it puts them out as the next Kings in line, which puts Macbeth to be King.

Act 3 Scene 1

After the killing of Duncan, Macbeth has become more evil and created a plan to kill Banquo, his friend and Banquo’s son. According to the prohphecy of the three witches, Banquo’s son would become king and Macbeth wanted to keep the tron. And Banquo is the only one who knows that Macbeth might of been the one who killed the King.

Act 3 Scene 2

Lady Macbeth and Macbeth are starting to feel the guilt of killing King Duncan. All Lady Macbeth can think about is his death and isn’t happy about being queen because of that. And Macbeth has started to embrace more of the evilness than Lady Macbeth.

Act 3 Scene 3

The two soldiers (Macbeth has sent to kill Banquo and Fleance) have went to go kill them and one more soldier sent by Macbeth joins them. The three soldiers successfully murderur Banquo but his son flees before he can be killed. Suddenly, the third soldier kills the other two soldiers (which was planned by Macbeth).

Act 3 Scene 4

During a feast with Macbeth and Lady Macbeth and other guest the third soldier reports that Banquo is dead, however, Fleance is still alive. Macbeth is not to happy about that but just stays happy about Banquo at least being dead so he returns to the feast. When Macbeth tries to sit down in his seat he has found that is being occupied by the ghost of Banquo. This results in him to freak out in front of his guest and make the excuse that he if feeling a bit ill.

Act 3 Scene 5

Macbeth goes to see the three witches and they told him 3 things. Number one was to beware of Macduff. Number two was to not worry about any man born from a natural birth. And the last one was not to beware, for the woods will move towards his castle.

Act 3 Scene 6

Lenax and another lord are having a discussion that Macbeth is the one who really killed Duncan and they also talk about how Malcolm and the other son of Duncan is gathering up an army to reclaim their rightful thron. Macbeth passes by and the two men tell him that Mcduff has also fled to England because he also has suspicions that Macbeth is the real murderur. Now Macbeth is angry and wants to kill Macduff’s family.

Act 4 Scene 1


Act 4 Scene 2

Lady Macduff is mad at Macduff, her husband, because he just left her in Scots, while he is in England. Lady Macduff tells her son that Macduff is traitor and but her son questions. Suddenly, men sent by Macbeth went to the family to kill them and Lady Macduff’s sun dies.

Act 4 Scene 3

Macduff meets Malcolm in England, but Malcolm questions his presence and why he is here. So Malcolm tests Macduff by saying that he is going to be a very greedy king after we defeat Macbeth. Macduff doesn’t care and says that its better than Macbeth being King, and Malcolm now trust Macduff. Then, a man arrived to tell Macduff that his family is killed.

Act 5 Scene 1

A servant from Macbeth’s castle has called in a doctor to fix Lady Macbeth because the servant has seen her sleep walking and doing weird things. When the doctor comes, during Lady Macbeth’s sleep walking she confessed that she and Macbeth were responsible for the many murderurs that have occurred. The doctor states that he can’t fix her and that she needs help above of what he can. Even though, he heard about the confession he decides to keep his mouth shut.

Act 5 Scene 2

Scottish rebels are waiting for the English army to arrive and they find out that macbeth is in his castle preparing for their attack.

Act 5 Scene 3

Macbeth is in his war room and is very confident because he thinks that what the witches say are things that he shouldn’t worry about. The doctor comes in and reports that Lady Macbeth can not be occurred by any other person but herself, however, Macbeth doesn’t really like that answer.

Act 5 Scene 4

Malcolm and his army are ready to approach Macbeth when Malcolm decides to have each soldier cut of a branch from the burnin wood forest and use it as a camaflouge to approach Macbeth.

Act 5 Scene 5

Lady Macbeth has just jumped off the castle, in guilt of her actions. Then one of Macbeth’s knights or something tells him that the woods are approaching his castle. He calls him a liar and slave, and is having a hard time believing what the man has said.

Act 5 Scene 6

The war between Macbeth and Malcolm with Mcduff has started when the trumpet played

Act 5 Scene 7

Macbeth wonders that maybe he will be able to escape since there is no one who is not born of a women. Then Siward a soldier challenges Macbeth to a fight, however, Macbeth is able to kill him.

Act 5 Scene 8

McDuff comes and challenges Macbeth and they fight. During the battle Macbeth mentions how he will be undefeated because of the prophecy the witch said. McDuff reveals that he was born from c-section and kills Macbeth. Malcolm is now the new King and Scots and promises to restore the land.

Prejudice Blog Reflection Post

Write a blog post on your hkis wordpress site reflecting on the first four lessons of the unit and on your classmates’ presentations.

What did you learn about identity, stereotypes, prejudice, and racism?

From our first four lessons of the unit and your classmates presentation, generally, I learned about what identity, prejudice, racism, and stereotype meant. Before this unit, I actually had no understanding about what racism and prejudice meant. I’ve heard of them but I didn’t actually know what those two words meant. But for all four of those words, even if I’ve heard of some of them I’ve gained a better understanding of what those words mean. Something else that I learned from this unit is how identity, stereotypes, prejudice, and racism all connect to each other.

Make sure that your reflection responds to the following questions.

  1. How does race shape the way we see ourselves and others?

  2. Our race shapes the way we see ourselves and others because of the stereotypes, prejudice, racism, and how ourselves and people look at our identity. When someone from another race looks at another race, for example, a white looking at african-americans, what do they see? The things that people in each race seem to have in common starts the brain making assumptions that everyone is like blank. Sometimes those things in common within a race are bad, so when you hear about the bad thing, whenever you walk by an african-american, where people say they are criminals, thats the way your going to look at african-americans. Influences around us whether its the news, movies, and other sorts of media, will change the way we think and how we see someone else. 
  3. To what extent do our ideas about race influence the choices we make?

  4. If people were to think someone is inferior and a bad person because of prejudice and stereotypes it can prevent you from doing things because your worried of how people are going to think about you. For example, Jesus Colon wanted to help this lady on the train because she looked like she needed help managing everything she was carrying with her such as her kids and a suitcase. However, he stopped himself from helping the lady because he was scared that she would call the police, receive beatings, the lady screaming, etc since he was of another race. Another way race influences the choices we make is how we are going to treat others. Some people see other races inferior to themselves……Not done

Government unit

How do you feel you did on the Government unit? This includes the PSA as well as Tests.

I think I did better than I expected. After taking the chapter six summative I struggled to comprehend what my next plan was going to be because I just wasn’t sure what to do. So I had to try something new and I wasn’t going to find out if I did well or not till after the test. When I got my results I was happy and felt confident that I could continue this in the upcoming test.

For the PSA I had trouble being able to paraphrase and even understand what the articles I was reading saying. But I found the PSA to be one of my favourite projects in the entire middle school curriculum.


What would you do differently next time?

Next time, I would study more efficiently not longer because for every test coming up I studied for more than an hour a night which when I say it now sounds ridiculous. Every day as each test got closer, I became more anxious but when I took the test I found it wasn’t so bad, of course there were still some parts that made me stressed. But overall, it was fine.

What study strategies worked best for you?

Acronyms and silly sentences help me remember some short yet key information. I also had trouble studying from my notes so I categorised it onto a note card with only key information and it really helped. Another thing that really helped me was making test questions, and it made it feel like I was taking a second test on the day of the summative.

What study strategies didn’t work for you?

After, the first summative I really learned that reading your notes over and over again does not help nor work because number one its not an efficient way to memorise information and number two everything can slip out of your head the next day. I knew already that it wasn’t a good strategy to use, but I never stopped using it until now because my test grades did not reflect on that. Something else that didn’t work for me wasn’t really a study strategy but it was essential when it came to studying, my notes. During the chapter six unit, I took notes digitally on easybib, which did not give me a lot of freedom to organize and play around with my notes so that its set up in a way where I could understand it clearly.

This is the note taking technique I used after chapter 6 and it really helped 😀 Far more better than easybib, in my opinion.

Next time theres a test I will prepare by….

Making study cards that have been made by the categorisation strategy and a mix of study card strategy. However, first I would look over my notes, revise, and ask any questions that I have on my mind. Any key words that are hard to remember will be put into an acronym or silly sentence that I will make. In addition, I didn’t mention this yet but I actually talked through my notes as well with someone by either teaching my sibling everything I know or by just talking to myself. This helps me so that I know how to phrase my answers for the summative. And of course I would use the MYOP strategy for the same reason.



1. What are you going to build (8th grade)?

I am going to build a water filter that is run by hydro electricity. Water will run through a basic filter then go into a kettle so that it can be really clean.

2. Why have you decided to build this object (energy transfer system) a working model (8th grade)?

I wanted to build this because in the world there is not a lot of clean water, and I wanted to think of way dirty water could be filtered. The way I’m building the apparatus might not be as efficient as the other big companies in the world, but I just wanted to create an idea that would at least make me think more about the issue. And the reason why we decided to make hydroelectricity power the water filter is because my group also wanted to create a way that water can be reused, too. It might seem dumb that were heating up water using water but I see it as a way to help the environment.

3. What materials are you going to need to complete your build  (8th grade)?


This link specifically says what my group is going to need, the size of it, quantity, etc.


March 19, 2015

Video Presentation:

Hydroelectricity Presentation

Current Events Occupy Hong Kong

It all started when the people of Hong Kong finally started to protest about being able to freely choose their next leader. Protesters demand that the chief executive to step down. Thousands of protesters have been blocking some of the streets of Hong Kong, which has caused buildings like schools and banks to close down.  A few weeks ago the police used pepper spray and tear gas against the people but the protesters have managed to stay calm. In the past week the crowds are starting to shrink because people are starting to turn against them. Small and big shops in Mong Kok have said that they are loosing money and starting to run out of business. The crowds have also started to become more violent and all of this is beginning to effect people’s lives. In addition, student protest leaders and Hong Kong’s chief secretary are planning to meet this Friday, officials say.


I think that Hong Kong will have to face the consequences, so I don’t think they will win.  To add onto my opinion I think that what Hong Kong is protesting for is fine but the way they are handling the situations isn’t so good. In the paragraph above I briefly explained that the crowds are shrinking. Businesses are starting to get worst and many places have been closed down. “At first, I supported them, but then I started to think they are being selfish because they block the roads — and that’s wrong,” said Virginia Lai, who has sold newspapers from a stall in the busy district of Mong Kok for 45 years from CNN. Its creating difficulties for everyone and the economy is already starting to go down, which could result in a lot of people loosing jobs. And I agree with Virginia Lai that it is a bit selfish. To conclude I’m not sure if China will back down from their decisions due to the fact when the Tiananmen square massacre in 1987 occurred. In the end of that event China had sent troops to the protesters and even ran over them with tanks. Its possible that the protestors could suffer the same fate but maybe not as bad as the actual massacre. 


I’m pretty sure there are articles out there that will explain the question I’m about to ask. What I’m wondering is why won’t China specifically let Hong Kong have the democracy? I believe we should all be free to choose our leaders. China is going to have to say something about this sooner or later because by the looks of it things might get worst. Both sides know what could happen if this goes on or maybe they don’t. If they did why are they letting it slowly happen? I can kind of see it as a force to make the other side give in but I want to know more specifically why. People are loosing jobs, whats going to happen to the economy? Its really going to cause a lot of trouble and now I’m wondering how these situations are going to be handled. To find out I am going to talk about it with other people like my mom and dad and try googling about what really is going on.


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Unit 1 Summary

What did I learn overall?

I learned how geography has influenced the lives of Native Americans. I read how they used their resources to their advantage and some of the difficulties that they may have faced, using the TCI textbook. Besides the TCI textbook, to help build understanding I used something called the KTW chart. It helped me develop ideas about Native Americans and why by only thinking on my own. Even though, some of my ideas were wrong I ended up learning new things and it helped build connections in the unit.


In this unit I found reading the textbook very boring because it didn’t help me learn information in an active way. It was hard to remember what I needed to know, especially when theres so many tribes to remember. But I did find other way to learn things using the textbooks resources. Although, reading the textbook wasn’t the best I still managed to have fun and be engaged while learning about Native Americans.


For this unit I got the first nation badge. I agree with the badge I got from Mr Pierce because my grades had a very consistent pattern of ME’s. But I’m not sure if it means that I went above my learning, it’s the only part I’m not sure about. In addition to my grades so far I have had a very good consistent work habits, which also reflects on why I got gold for this badge.

What did work and what didn’t:

When preparing for the Native Americans summative I decided to use something called the 5-day study plan. It is a plan where you cut your studying into five days and on those five days you might of made study cards, write down some questions, Make your own problem, etc. My studying didn’t get crammed and ended up creating less stress for me when I had to face the test. However, not all the strategies I used work. One example could be when I was using and making study cards. I found that it didn’t really help me remember information because it felt like I was reading off another text book even though what was written on the study cards were very short. It was better than reading off a textbook but in the future I will look for a new strategy.

Learning Goal:

I found from this unit that if theres too much information to remember it will get difficult. So for the next unit I want to make it a goal to review what I learned in social studies for at least 10 minutes. Sometimes I learn something in class but then just forget about it and start worrying about it later when I need to know that piece of information. From now on when I feel like I need to review when I get home from school I will look back at the resources I was give at class or what I read in the TCI textbook and write a summary of what I learned.

Native-American-Day-Pictures-1-300x187                                                                   gI_115914_TCI Logo


Quarter one:

Reading Goal

My goal is to read more books from different genres and by the week before Peak I want to have had read eight books from at least five different genres. I will ask Ms. Mccan for recommendations and use my reading log to track my progress. I think I will be able to achieve this goal as long as I read for 20-30 minutes a night at least five times a week.

Writing Goal

My writing goal is to use stronger vocabulary when I write essays, stories, etc. I am going to highlight some of the vocabulary words that I used and learn new vocabulary. To learn new words, whenever I come across a word I don’t know I will add it to my wordwall and I want to add at least two new words a week. Hopefully by the end of October I should have learned at least 20 new words.

Goals Presentation rubric


Quarter two:

Reading Goal

My new reading goal is to read more consistently. More specifically, I want to read at least thirty minutes a night. My plan to achieve this goal is to always set a time in my POTD so that I will remember and know when and how long I should read during that period. The evidence to see if I was able to achieve my reading goal is my reading log. If there are at least eight books listed on my reading log since quarter one than it shows I have been reading consistently.

Writing Goal

I want to continue my writing goal from last quarter, which was to use stronger vocabulary in my writing pieces. My evidence that I achieved this goal would be highlighting the vocabulary words in my projects.

Quarter 2 work habits:

Work Habits Quarter 2

Quarter 2 presentation Rubric

Quarter 2 presentation slides


Quarter 3 goals:

Reading Goal

Every week I must add two new words to my word wall till the end of quarter three.  Unlike my other goals where it included my word wall, this time next to the word will be an example of how to use it and the definition. I will achieve this goal by having a bunch of sticky notes with me when I’m reading, and when theres a word I don’t know I will put a sticky note on that page to remind myself there was a word I didn’t know on that page. The evidence will be my word wall.

Writing goal

To focus on one word for a week and try to use it as much as I can in my daily conversations. Every time I said the vocab word, I would have a bunch of paperclips in my pocket and move it to the other pocket to keep track how many times I used the word. At the end of the day I would count the amount of paperclips were in my other pocket and tally mark them in my planner.


Quarter 4 Goals

Reading goal:

S-To collect even more vocabulary words for my word wall by chapter
M-I will collect at least 2 words per chapter
AEvery time I run into a word I don’t know I’ll put a sticky note on it. When I’m done with the book I’ll upload all the words onto my word wall.

R-I am able to collect at least 53 words in a quarter based on the last quarter, and I only took 8 words from each book. I expect myself to be taking more words out, which means I will probably have more words on my reading log

T-I want to aim for at least 65 words by the end of the quarter

Writing Goal:

S-To use my word wall words as much as I can in my daily conversations
M-Focus on a word for two days, where I had to have use it at least 2 times in one day
A-Every time I say the vocab word, I would move one rubber band from one pocket to the other
R-Its realistic because I won’t get bored of the word and forget about my goal
T-I would have applied 22 new vocab words to my daily conversations by the end of quarter 4

Quarter 4 goals presentation rubric

May 27, 2015

Work Habits Quarter 4

June 3, 2015

Quarter four goals presentation grade:

Goals presentation


September 4, 2014

Passive VS Active Voice

Passive sentences are when the verb becomes before the subject and active voice is when the subject comes before the verb. An example for a passive sentence is the race was won by Geneva. If the sentence was written in an active voice it would be Geneva won the race.


September 23, 2014

How to use a freaking comma!

People including myself our always misusing a comma, but I just watched a video on how to use one. I learned when you can and can’t use a comma, and the first thing I learned is that you need a comma when your separating phrases that don’t need to be there. For example, my classmate, Sophie, didn’t study for her science test. Another use for a comma is when you want to link two sentences that could exist on their own with a conjunction. It’s like what I did in the first and second sentence of this paragraph. You can also use a comma when your addressing someone in particular like your friend or sibling. Commas can be used when your making a list, too. This is so we don’t have to write and a bunch of times. Finally, two more reasons we use commas are because you have more than one adjective modifying a noun and after introductory phrases and clauses.

When shouldn’t you use a comma:

1) When your separating two independent clauses without using a conjunction

2) Never put a comma after the conjunction

3)  When your separating a dependent and independent clauses with a conjunction


October 6th, 2014 

Punctuating Dialogue:

1) Always have quotation marks from the start of someone speaking till they stop. More specifically uninterrupted speeches only need quotations from the beginning to the end. Only the words the characters are saying should be in quotation marks.

2) Punctuation should always be inside the quotations. For example, you can’t have this: “Stop hitting me”! I shouted. The explanation mark should have been in the quotes.

3) Whenever you have a new person speaking you need to start a new paragraph.

4) When there are only two people talking it is not necessary to keep using their names over and over again. This is because it gets very repetitive  and boring. But maybe you could say their names a couple times in the conversation and then stop using it after.

“Stop hitting me!” I shouted.

“I’m not hitting you!” Charlotte said, “I’m just kicking you!”

“Thats the same thing!”

“No its not!”

“Can you just stop kicking me then?”

5) Finally I also learned about where punctuation goes in the speeches.


“I’m not going to stop kicking you until I can have my teddy bear back.” Charlotte said.

In the example it makes no sense that there is a full stop at the end of the speech and then another full stop at the end of Charlotte said. The first full stop has to be changed into a comma or an explanation mark, depending on how the author wants Charlotte to speak.

October 16th, 2014-Tenses table



October 16th, 2014

Sentence types

There are many different types of sentences such as simple sentences, compound sentences, and complex sentences. This blog explains how to make each type of sentence and shows the difference between each one.

Simple sentence

A simple sentence is also called an independent clause. It has a subject and verb and it expresses a complete thoughts. One example of a simple sentence is Jeremy jumped over the rock. In that sentence Jeremy was the subject and jumped was the verb

Compound Sentence

A compound sentence has two independent clauses. These two clauses are connected with coordinating conjunction. There are seven coordinating conjunction and they include for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. A way to remember this is by an acronym called fanboys.

Complex sentences

Complex sentences expresses two or more ideas and it’s made of several clauses. One sentence will always contain the main information but it will also have one or more subordinate clause. A subordinate clause gives extra information, it can not make sense on its own. What else should you know about subordinating clauses? Well, they can come at the beginning, end or sandwiched in the middle. If the subordinating clause comes in the beginning there has to be a comma at the end of the clause. But if it comes in the end of the simple sentence you don’t need a comma. When the subordinating clause is sandwiched in the middle it acts like a glue to stick the sentence together. Finally, if the subordinating clause is at the beginning and the end you need a comma at the end of the first subordinating clause and a comma at the beginning of the second one.

Ways to make a complex sentence

-Start with 2 adj

-start with words that end in ly

-start with ing word

-end with ing word

-Sandwich technique (add extra information about the person, place, or object)

-Prepositional phrase (where or when something is taking place)

-start or end with a subordinating conjunction

-end with a simile

Compound-complex sentence

For the last and final type of sentence we will talk about the compound-complex sentence. This combines the ideas of the two type of sentences displayed in the title. Compound-Complex sentences will have two independent main clauses and at least one dependent subordinate clause.