Grammar

Sept. 4, 2014

Active Sentence: An active sentence is a sentence which has the subject in front of the verb. This sentence also uses stronger words. An example is, “Vero hit the mountain hard.” From the book “The Ether: Vero’s Rising”

Passive Sentence: A passive sentence is the opposite of an active sentence, it has the verb in front of the subject and sometimes it doesn’t have a subject. It also uses more vague terms. An example is, “There was nothing small about it.” From the book “The Ether: Vero’s Rising” this sentence has the verb “was” in front of the subject “it”, we also don’t know what “it” is.

 

Sept. 22, 2014

Commas: A comma is a type of punctuation that can be used to add non-essential parts to a sentence such as “My brother, Martin, is 5 years-old.” It can also be used to join 2 independent clauses with a conjunction, such as “I would run my beep test today, but I would rather do it tomorrow. And like the first example it can also introduce someone for example, “Jonah could you get that pencil for me?” It can also be used in lists. You cannot use commas when you are joining 2 dependent clauses with a conjunction. And you cannot use it when seperate an independent and dependent clause.

 

Oct. 7, 2014

Dialogue Punctuation: When using dialogue you always make an indent and create a new paragraph when a new speaker is talking. There are tow kind of dialogue, uninterrupted and interrupted. Interrupted is when dialogue is stopped and is separated by a comma. For example,

“Hey mom,” I shouted, “I need to go to the mall later.” Uninterrupted is when it is not stopped. For example,

” Sure, John, but you need to be at home by ten,” mom replied. To stop dialogue you usually use a exclamation point, question mark, or comma. Rarely is a period used.

 

Tenses Table:

Tenses Table

Oct. 16, 2014

Sentence Types Summary:

While watching the video I learned about the different types of sentences, simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex.

Notes:

– A simple sentence is also called an independent clause, it is a complete clause it has to make sense, it contains a subject and a verb. For example, “The teacher stared at Andrew. “Does not need an object

– A compound sentence is a sentence that contains 2 independent clauses (or complete sentences) They are connected by a coordinating conjuctions: FAN BOYS (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) For example, “The bus pulled into the station but didn’t collect any passengers.”

– A complex sentence it is made up of several clauses or parts. One of these clauses is the Main Clause which says the main idea in the sentence. It is also an independent clause. There will also be one or two more which are called Subordinate Clauses which give extra information about the Main Clause (what is happening). The Subordinate Clause cannot make sense on its own. 

– Subordinating Conjunctions can be used at the beginning, middle ,or at the end of the sentence. Such as: after, although, as, as if, as long as, as much as, as soon as, as though, because, before, even, etc. When using these words are always complex sentences. 

  • For example, “ Although he was well fed, the dog howled.”, “The dog howled although he was well fed.”, “The dog, although he was well fed, howled loudly,”. “Although” which is a subordinate conjunction can be put anywhere, it does not need a comma.
  • “Although the cat has just eaten, the cat paced back and forth in front of the fish bowl,  hungrily staring at my goldfish.”

– Ways to make complex sentences: Start with 2 adjectives, Start with a ‘ly’ word, Start with a ‘ing’ word, End with a ‘ing’ word, Sandwich technique, Prepositional phrase, Start with a conjunction, End with a conjunction, Simile.

– Subordinate Clauses are incomplete sentences and need commas afterwards. 

-Compound-Complex sentences have at least 2 main (independent) clauses and at least one subordinate (dependent) clause. For example, ‘“Although I like to go camping, I haven’t had the time to go lately and I haven’t found anyone to go with.”

Tenses Notes:

There are 3 different tenses Past, Future, and Present. Past Tense is when something has happened before. Verbs in this type of sentence are usually ended with a ‘ed’. For example, I walked to school this morning this is the Simple Past Tense. Future tense is when something will happen in the future. The verbs in these sentences are usually after the word ‘will’. For example, I will walk to school later this is the Will-Future tense. Lastly, the Present tense is when something is happening in this moment. Verbs in this tense usually end with a’ing’ for example, I am walking to school now this is the Present Progressive Tense. But when talking about one person you usually end it with an ‘s’ for example, Mark walks to school everyday. Also when talking about one ore more person who don’t for example, Mark and John walk to school everyday. This is the Simple Present Tense it is used when talking about something happening frequently.

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