# Process of Making the Machine

1. Brainstormed many ideas
2. Wrote questions and drafts of what the machine will look like
3. Collect materials
4. Take insulation off phone cable
5. Connected copper wires, phone cable and solar panels
6. Had our first test
7. Did more research
8. Found more materials (electrical wire)
9. Soldered the electrical wire, phone cable and phone cable
10. Had our second test
11. Tabbed solar panels
12. Made improvements such as changing the positions of wires

# Final Diagram of Machine

This is our solar powered phone charger. Although it doesn’t work or convey any radiant energy into electrical energy, we learnt a lot about energy transfer, collaboration and skills such as soldering and tabbing solar panels.

# Problems and Solution

Obstacle: We didn’t know how to connect the two solar panels together

Solution: We tabbed them together with copper wire.

Obstacle: We didn’t know how to connect the phone cable wires to the solar panels.

Solution: We learnt ways to solder the wires to the solar panels. We soldered the phone cable to the electrical wires and then to the solar panels.

Obstacle: The sun wasn’t bright enough.

Solution: We used a lamp instead.

Obstacle: We couldn’t take off the insulation of the phone cable wires. The wire stripper couldn’t take off the insulation.

Solution: We researched and found that we could use cutters and cut the insulation off.

# Plan for this week (2nd March to 6th March)

Monday: Finish soldering the solar panels. Connect solar panel to the phone cable. Keep Research.

Tuesday: Have our first test.

Thursday: Take parts of insulation off the wire and connect them to the solar panels

Friday: Try to do our second test

# Semester 2 Reading Log

Book #        22,23                     Words:         100214                                       Date:

Title:        The House of the Scorpion                                                          Author:        Farmer, Nancy

Genre ~Fiction Type:        Science Fiction

• Opening Sentence: In the beginning there were thirty six of them, thirty six droplets of life so tiny that Eduardo could only see them through microscopes.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

When you’re small you can choose which way to grow.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

senile (adj): a person who is having or showing the weaknesses or diseases of old age

hostility (n): unfriendly behaviour; unfriendliness or opposition

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

We did a lot of analysis of this book in class so that I understand a lot about this book. A lot of the events that happens in this book can link to the modern world; for example, the illegals to America, opium sell,etc.

Book #           24                          Words:            65752                                     Date:

Title:                                    The Fault in Our Stars                              Author:            Green, John

Genre ~ Fiction Type:      Romance, Realistic Fiction

• Opening Sentence: Late in the winter of my seventeenth year, my mother decided I was depressed, presumably because I rarely left the house, spent a lot of time in bed, read the same book over and over, ate infrequently, and devoted quite a bit of my abundant free time to thinking about death.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

Much of my life had been devoted to trying not to cry in front of people who loved me, so I knew what Augustus was doing. You clench your teeth. You look up. You tell yourself that if they see you cry, it will hurt them, and you will be nothing but A Sadness in their lives, and you must not become a mere sadness, so you will not cry, and you say all of this to yourself while looking up at the ceiling, and then you swallow even though your throat does not want to close and you look at the person who loves you and smile.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

narcotics (pg 235): (n)  a drug which induces drowsiness, stupor, or insensibility, and relieves pain.

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

This was a beautiful story of two cancer kids. Many people had recommended this book to me. (friends, librarians,etc) I also like the simple cover of the book.

Book #           25, 26                          Words:      108808                                          Date:

Title:          The Lord of Opium                                                       Author:                     Farmer, Nancy

Genre ~ Fiction Type:        Science Fiction

• Opening Sentence: Matt woke in darkness to the sound of something moving past him

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

Heroes, well, they don’t live so long. But they’re muy suave, and we all admire them.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

It was really interesting to read this book because we had read and analysed the first book a lot in class. Some of the events that we predicted in class happened in the second book. This book really hooked me up and it was really fun to read it.  I chose this book because we read the first book in class and I really wanted to know what happens to the character and the kingdom after the first book ended.

Book #        27                             Words:               61412                                 Date:

Title:         An Abundance of Katherines          Author:   Green, John

Genre ~  Fiction Type:        Romance/Realistic Fiction

• Opening Sentence: The morning after noted child prodigy Colin Singleton graduated from high school and got dumped for the nineteenth time by a girl named Katherine, he took a bath.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

Books are the ultimate Dumpees: put them down and they’ll wait for you forever; pay attention to them and they always love you back (pg 110)

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

Contort (v) : twist or bend out of the normal shape.

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

I found it very interesting that the character used graphs and maths to predict if you’re a Dunpee or a Dumper. The book really gave me a image of prodigies feel and act like in their daily life since this book is about a prodigy.

Book #          28                           Words:       54181                                         Date:

Title:        Chinese Cinderella and the Secret Dragon Society                                                          Author:                Mah, Adeline Yen

Genre ~ Fiction Type:        Historical Fiction

• Opening Sentence:

It was a sunny afternoon in early spring when I set off after school to Big Aunt’s place for my daily English lessons.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

He was in such a rage that he grabbed the back of my school uniform and lifted me off the floor as if I were a kitten.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

I didn’t really like the book. I read the first book and I decided to read this book too. I thought this was a autobiography like the first one but the stories are all fiction. The author is trying to tell us an historical event (WWII) but I don’t think she is doing the right way of telling it. But I found it interesting that she used some Chinese words in dialogs.

Book #       29                              Words:      50259                                          Date:

Title:        Habibi                                                          Author:                       Nye,Naomi Shihab

Genre ~Fiction Type:     Realistic Fiction

• Opening Sentence:

Liyana Abboud had just tasted her first kiss when her parents announced they were leaving the country.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

When I saw a sign for hot dogs, I thought they were made of dog meat. It scared me. I thought the big shiny trash cans were mailboxes.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

crossroad (n): an intersection of two or more roads.

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

It gave me a really good image of how you feel when you move into a new country. I have many friends who have lived in different cities and countries, but I have always stayed in HK my whole life. This character moved to a really different country which I live in.

Book #         30                            Words:         N/A                                       Date:

Title:        Dim Sum (a survival guide)                                                          Author: Chu, Liza

Genre ~ Non-Fiction: Cook Book

• Opening Sentence: There are several theories on where and when the art of dim sum originates.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence: fussy,

There’s nothing like freshly made custard tarts when they’re still warm.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

sago (n) : edible starch which is gotten from a palm and is a staple food in some parts

gelatine (n): colorless and tasteless protein from collagen and used in food, photographic processes and glue

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

This book has lots of amazing images of dim sums which really attracted my attention from the other cook books. It gives us comments on dim sums and how to properly eat dim sum

Book #            31                    Words:                                                Date:

Title:    125 True Stories of Amazing Animals                              Author: National Geographic

Genre ~ Non-Fiction

• Opening Sentence: Welcome to the wonderful. hilarious, and heartwarming world of amazing animals

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

Now even pigs can have gold-medal dreams!

Yosuke the parrot is no birdbrain.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

mellowed (adj):  tempered by maturity or experience

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

This books have many great stories of animals. It has true stories of animal friendships, pet tricks, animal intelligence, hero pets and many more. I love this book because personally I love reading books about animals. This book has made me learn more about what animals can do that impresses humans. I think that animals should be treated equally like humans. This book can push people’s boundary on what they know about animals.

Book #          32                           Words:   53684                                             Date: April

Title:      Flipped                                                            Author:       Van Draanen, Wendelin

Genre ~ Fiction Type:       Realistic Fiction, Romance

• Opening Sentence: All I’ve ever wanted is for Juli Baker to leave me alone.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

Maybe it’s time to meet him in the proper light.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

gnarly (adj) difficult, dangerous, or challenging.

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

I think this book is very interesting because it is written by two perspective.

Book #  33                                   Words:     52179                                           Date:

Title:       Bud, not Buddy                                       Author:          Curtis, Christopher Paul

Genre ~ Fiction Type:        Historical Fiction

• Opening Sentence: Here we go again.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

Rules and Things Number 63: Never, Ever Say Something Bad About Someone You Don’t Know–Especially When You’re Around a Bunch of Strangers. You Never Can Tell Who Might Be Kin to That Person or Who Might Be a Lip-Flapping, Big-Mouth Spy.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

ventriloquist(n): a person, especially an entertainer, who can make their voice appear to come from somewhere else, typically a dummy of a person or animal.

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

Since we are leaning about American history in SS, this is a very interesting book because it teaches about African Americans lives.

Book #    34                                 Words:                                                Date:

Title:     Freakonomics : a rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything                  Author:

Genre ~ Non-Fiction

• Opening Sentence:Imagine for a moment that you are the manager of a day-care center

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

So what happened? Internet happened.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

cudgel (n): a short, thick stick used as a weapon.

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

It was very interesting because it made connection between completely different stuff like sumo wrestler and teacher.

Book #        35                             Words:                                                Date: May 30th 2015

Title:             Animal farm : a fairy story                                                     Author:      Orwell, Geroge

Genre ~ Fiction Type:        Dystopia

• Opening Sentence: Mr Jones, of Manor Farm, had locked the hen-houses for the night, but was too drunk to remember to shut the popholes.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.

Meaning: The pigs were worst than the humans.

All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.

The only good human being is a dead one.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

knacker (n) a person whose business is the disposal of dead or unwanted animals, especially those whose flesh is not fit for human consumption.

2) rafters (n) a beam forming part of the internal framework of a roof.

3) feebly (adv) lacking physical strength

4) paddock  (n) a small field or enclosure where horses are kept or exercised.

5) barrel (n) a cylindrical container bulging out in the middle, traditionally made of wooden staves with metal hoops round them.

6) scullery (n) a small kitchen or room at the back of a house used for washing dishes and other dirty household work.

7) nimble (adj) quick and light in movement or action; agile.

8) ensconced (v) establish or settle (someone) in a comfortable, safe place.

9) capered (v) skip or dance about in a lively or playful way.

10) expounded (v) present and explain (a theory or idea) in detail.

11) reproached (v) express to (someone) one’s disapproval of or disappointment in their actions.

12) vivacious (adj) (especially of a woman) attractively lively and animated.

13) mincing (adj) (of a man) affectedly dainty in manner or gait; effeminate.

14) expulsion (n) the action of forcing someone to leave an organization.

15) detour (n) a long or roundabout route that is taken to avoid something or to visit somewhere along the way.

16) frugally (adj) sparing or economical as regards money or food.

17) dynamos (n) a machine for converting mechanical energy into electrical energy, typically by means of rotating coils of copper wire in a magnetic field.

18) poultices (n) a soft, moist mass of material, typically consisting of bran, flour, herbs, etc., applied to the body to relieve soreness and inflammation and kept in place with a cloth.

19) indignant (adj)  feeling or showing anger because of something that is unfair or wrong : very angry

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

We read this book in class so I understood all the history and the true meaning of this book. It is a allegory of the Russian Revolution. It is very interesting how we can connect this book to history and also to present day society.  For example, the FIFA incident, there are many corruption going, history keeps repeating itself. Many countries can’t speak out against FIFA.

Book #             36                        Words:                                                Date:

Title:        The kill order                                                          Author:         Dashner, James

Genre ~ Fiction Type:        Dystopia

• Opening Sentence: Mark shivered with cold, something he hadn’t done in a long time.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence: Oh, I’m good. Seriously, after all these years, you’d think I would stop amazing myself. But here I am, still doing it

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

impede (v): delay or prevent (someone or something) by obstructing them

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

Even if this is a very scary story, this might actually happen in real life. We are using up all the natural resources, the ice in Artic is melting and thr sea is rising.

Book #                                     Words:                                                Date:

Title:         The Scorch trials                                                         Author:            Dashner, James

Genre ~ Fiction Type:        Dystopia

• Opening Sentence:

She spoke to him before the world fell apart.

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

Anybody else wanna pee their pants and cry for mommy?

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

Swathe (n): a row or line of grass, corn, or other crop as it falls or lies when mown or reaped.

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

Book #                                     Words:                                                Date:

Title:                                                                  Author:

Genre ~ Non-Fiction / Fiction Type:

• Opening Sentence:

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

• Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

# Plan for this week (23rd Feb to 27th Feb)

Monday: Collect all material and brainstorm what we still need to bring to class. Research on how to connect a iphone cable to the solar panel.

Wednesday: Build. Do our first test. Connect iphone cable to solar panel.

Thursday: Build. Brainstorm more ideas. Do our second test/video

# MOTOR

What is a motor?

– anything that turns electricity into motion or electrical energy into mechanical energy is called an electric motor

– work on the principles of electromagnetism

– when charges are still, they make electric fields but when charges move, they make magnetic fields

– a current in a wire produces magnetic field and this is how an electric motor create movement

– electromagnetic: an electric motor contains coil of wire that creates a magnetic field when electricity flows through it

 1 Coil the wire around the D cell  battery. Remove the coil and wrap the ends around 2 times of the coil  to hold them in place.Leave 3 inches of wire lead on each end. 2 Strip both ends of the wire coil leads. Hold the coil vertically and coat one half of one lead with a permanent marker. Apply a second coat od ink. It allows a break in the magnetic field to keep the coil spinning. 3 Turn the plastic cup upside down and place one disk magnet on top and another inside the cup. It will go against the roof of the cup to hold the magnet in place. 4 Straighten the ends of 2 paperclips. Attach the paper clips to the cup using 2 large rubber bands to build the cradle for the wire cords. 5 Balance the coil inside the paper clip cradle loop. Adjust the height so the coil doesn’t touch the magnet so it can spin. Attach an alligator clip to each paper clip just above the rubber band. 6 Connect the battery to the coil using the other 2 alligator clips. 7 Adjust the balance of the coil a distance between each paper clip cradle. Experiment with the configuration until you have a working motor.

# Rube Goldberg

RUBE GOLDBERG

Group Members: Sheung Yee, Siwon, Me

In our Rube Goldberg, we showed different kinds of energy transfer.

MATERIAL:

1. 1 Golf ball

2. 15 Dominos

3. 1 Table Tennis Ball

4. 6 rubber band

5. A Fox’s Candy can

6. Ramp

7. Tape and 2 Rulers

8. 1 Bell

HOW WE MADE IT:

We brainstormed ideas  and found materials to make the rube goldberg. We lined up the dominos and made a path on the ramp with tape and 2 rulers. We found a bell and made a sign. We recorded our rube goldberg.

ENERGY WE USED:

Sound, Gravitational, Mechanical, Motion Energy.

First, the dominos pushed the ball down the ramp (Motion Energy) and the ball hit the bell (Sound Energy). It pushed another set of dominos and pulled a sign down as the ball fell on the can with rubber bands (Gravitational and Mechanical Energy.)

# Book #22 The view from Saturday

Book #    22                                 Words:    42685                                            Date:

Title:  The view from Saturday                                                                Author:     Konigsburg, E.L.

Genre ~ Fiction Type:  Realistic Fiction

• Opening Sentence:

• Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

I waited for her to catch up, and when I did, she slowed down.

Whenever someone makes out a guest list, the people not on it become officially uninvited, and that makes them the enemies of the invited.

• Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition: