Grammar

Comma Review

24/9/14

•Comma splices are bad because they connect two separate sentences and make it one.

•Use a comma when making a list, they separate different objects or things.

• The oxford comma is used when making a list, but is only used by some people because it is only used in some parts of the world.

•You can’t just use commas to add a pause in your sentence.

•Commas are used in dates. They are used in short phrases.

•When using more than one adjective to support a noun

• When you are addressing a particular person

•Dont use commas after a conjunction!

 

Punctuating Dialoge

• If the sentence is interrupted, you must put a comma at the end of the dialoge and the end of the pause. You must also start and stop your quotation marks, for example:

GOOD:

“Margie stop,” Cristina demanded, “Your acting like an annoying littlefour year old!”

BAD:

“Im older than you” Christina wailed “So don’t tell me what to do.”

• The punctuation goes before the end quotation, not after

“Hey, wanna come and play soccer with us“? Carly asked.

• You have to start a new line after each person speaks

“Well, I was just trying to help,” Julia defended, “Im sorry Issabel.”

“Well you messed up, and Im never going to forgive you now!”

“Fine with me.”

 

Summative Marlee

 

Simple, Compound and Complex sentences

•  Simple sentences

AKA, Independent clause

Contains: Subject and verb + express a complete though

• Compound sentence

Two independent clauses connected to each other

FAN BOYS

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

• Complex sentences

Made up of several parts (clauses)

one will be the main

the others supporting (Subordinating conjunctions)

After

Although

As

As if

A long as

As soon as

As though

Because

Before

Even if

Even though

If

In order to

In case

Once

Since

So that

That

Though

Unless

Until

When

Whenever

Whereas

Where

Wherever

While

If you use any of these are used, its a complex sentence

They can be at the middle or beginning or end, but cant be separated.

They need commas to connect with the rest of the sentence

But no comma is needed if the clause is at the end

Two commas for middle clauses.

 

• Making Complex sentences

Start with 2 adjectives

start with a ‘ly’ word

start with an ‘ing’ word

end with a ‘ing’ word

sandwich technique

prepositional phrase

start with a conjunction

end with a conjunction

simile

Tenses Table

 

Colons

-They are used to list things.

-They must follow a full sentence

-You do not need to capitalize the words following

-can be used as a salutation

-To test you can take out the colon and add namely

 

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