Grammar

Sep 23, 2014

Commas

– Use commas when separating that don’t need to be there.

– Use commas when linking two independent clauses with a conjunction

– Use commas when addressing someone in particular

– Use commas when making a list

– Use commas after introductory phrases

– Don’t use commas when separating two independent clauses without a conjunction

– Don’t use commas after the conjunction

Oct 6, 2014

Punctuation Marks

– Keep the punctuation marks inside the quotation marks

– An interrupted speech needs quotation marks only at the beginning and the end

– Start a new paragraph each time the speaker changes

– When only 2 people are talking, you don’t need to use their name over and over

Oct 15, 2014

Tenses Table

Oct 15, 2014

 

Sentence Types

-Simple sentence / Independent Clause,

  • Must contain a subject and a verb, and it has to make sense. It expresses a complete thought
  • Example: The teacher stared.

-Compound Sentences

  • A compound sentence refers to a sentence made up of two independent clauses or complete sentences connected to one another with a coordinating conjunctions. Coordinating Conjunction is FAN BOYS

-FAN BOYS

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

  • Example: The bus pulled into the station but didn’t collect any passengers.

-Complex Sentences

  • They are made up of several parts or clauses. At least one of these will be the Main Clause which contains the main information in the sentence. There will also be one or more Subordinate Clauses which give extra information about what is happening
  • To Make Complex Sentence: Start with 2 adjectives, start with a ‘ly’ word, start with a ‘ing’ word, End with a ‘ing’ word, sandwich technique, prepositional phrase, start with a conjunction, end with a conjunction, simile

-Subordinate Conjunctions

  • Use the words in beginning of a sentence, the end of a sentence, split in two or sandwiched in the middle
  • Example: After, Before, Though, Although, Even if, Unless, As, Eventhough, Until, As if, If, When, As long as, In order to, Whenever, As much as, In case, Whereas, As soon as, Once, Where, As though, Since, Wherever, Because, So that, While, That
  • Sentence Example: Although he was well fed, the dog howled. The dog howled although he was well fed. The dog, although he was well fed, howled loudly. Although the cat had just eaten, the cat paced back and forth in front of the fish bowl, hungrily staring at my goldfish.

-Compound-complex sentences

  • This type of sentence has at least two independent main clauses and at least one subordinate clause.
  • Example: Although I like to go camping I haven’t had the time to go lately and I haven’t found anyone to go with

Colons

Colons appear all over the place: in sentences, lists, and salutations

Sentence Structure

Complete sentence: List of things/Clarify/Expand

Don’t use colons often, maybe 1 per piece.

To test if the sentence work, try replacing the colon with namely and if the sentence makes sense, then it works.

You might use colons also when you’re writing a letter, such as Dear Me: also Dear Me, also works.

You don’t have to capitalise the first letter after a colon unless the word is one that would normally be capitalised.

 

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