Grammar

Sep 23, 2014

Commas

– Use commas when separating that don’t need to be there.

– Use commas when linking two independent clauses with a conjunction

– Use commas when addressing someone in particular

– Use commas when making a list

– Use commas after introductory phrases

– Don’t use commas when separating two independent clauses without a conjunction

– Don’t use commas after the conjunction

Oct 6, 2014

Punctuation Marks

– Keep the punctuation marks inside the quotation marks

– An interrupted speech needs quotation marks only at the beginning and the end

– Start a new paragraph each time the speaker changes

– When only 2 people are talking, you don’t need to use their name over and over

Oct 15, 2014

Tenses Table

Oct 15, 2014

 

Sentence Types

-Simple sentence / Independent Clause,

  • Must contain a subject and a verb, and it has to make sense. It expresses a complete thought
  • Example: The teacher stared.

-Compound Sentences

  • A compound sentence refers to a sentence made up of two independent clauses or complete sentences connected to one another with a coordinating conjunctions. Coordinating Conjunction is FAN BOYS

-FAN BOYS

For

And

Nor

But

Or

Yet

So

  • Example: The bus pulled into the station but didn’t collect any passengers.

-Complex Sentences

  • They are made up of several parts or clauses. At least one of these will be the Main Clause which contains the main information in the sentence. There will also be one or more Subordinate Clauses which give extra information about what is happening
  • To Make Complex Sentence: Start with 2 adjectives, start with a ‘ly’ word, start with a ‘ing’ word, End with a ‘ing’ word, sandwich technique, prepositional phrase, start with a conjunction, end with a conjunction, simile

-Subordinate Conjunctions

  • Use the words in beginning of a sentence, the end of a sentence, split in two or sandwiched in the middle
  • Example: After, Before, Though, Although, Even if, Unless, As, Eventhough, Until, As if, If, When, As long as, In order to, Whenever, As much as, In case, Whereas, As soon as, Once, Where, As though, Since, Wherever, Because, So that, While, That
  • Sentence Example: Although he was well fed, the dog howled. The dog howled although he was well fed. The dog, although he was well fed, howled loudly. Although the cat had just eaten, the cat paced back and forth in front of the fish bowl, hungrily staring at my goldfish.

-Compound-complex sentences

  • This type of sentence has at least two independent main clauses and at least one subordinate clause.
  • Example: Although I like to go camping I haven’t had the time to go lately and I haven’t found anyone to go with

Colons

Colons appear all over the place: in sentences, lists, and salutations

Sentence Structure

Complete sentence: List of things/Clarify/Expand

Don’t use colons often, maybe 1 per piece.

To test if the sentence work, try replacing the colon with namely and if the sentence makes sense, then it works.

You might use colons also when you’re writing a letter, such as Dear Me: also Dear Me, also works.

You don’t have to capitalise the first letter after a colon unless the word is one that would normally be capitalised.

 

Goals

Goals for Semester One

Writing Goals

Goal: Have a more variety of word choice

S is it specific? I will improve in having a more variety of word choice by the end of the year so I get better grades and can make my story more fun to read.

is it measurable? I will know and will not use any of the simple words. (Such as happy, sad, angry)

is it actionable? I will search up more varieties of word as I will write something short everything (Such as a journal) and will start getting MEs on my tests.

 is it realistic? By keeping track of what words I keep on having to fix, I will focus on those words

is it timely? If I write everyday and be consistent, I should never have to use simple words by the end of the year.

Reading Goals

Goal: Think more about the book I read such as thinking of what would happen next

is it specific? I will improve on thinking about my books more by the end of the school year. So that reading can be much more fun when I read and I can do it naturally.

M is it measurable? I should be able to think about the book as I read by myself naturally without having to force myself to think.

is it actionable? I will write sticky notes of what would happen ever chapter or 10 pages so that I can do it in myself without stickynotes.

R is it realistic? If I bring my sticky to home and use my reading time, I would have enough skills without using stickies.

is it timely? If I use my time in this just as much as I read I can definitely do it by the end of the school year.

Semester 2 Goals

Writing

Goal: Spend 15 min every weekdays on working on places that I need to improve on, by using NoRedInk.

is it specific? I think my last one was too specific and challenging so I will widen it and make it so that I am able to finish this goal.

is it measurable? Yes. NoRedInk keeps track of it by itself. If look at progress you can see how much I worked on it.

is it actionable? If I use my time wisely I will have plenty of time for NoRedInk

is it realistic? 15 min is a short time and is easy, but if I do this everyday, I think I will see some changes.

is it timely? Everyday I have at least 50 min of TV. So I can take my time off TV and do this instead.

Reading:

Goal: I will read 20 books by the end of this semester, as after I read 30 books, I became very lazy with my reading and I want to keep track of it.

S is it specific? I will have to just read exactly 20 books by the end of semester that wouldn’t be too challenging.

M is it measurable? This can be recorded by using the reading log.

A is it actionable? It is actionable as I read 30 books by November, and I don’t think it’ll be too much of a challenge to finish 20 books.

is it realistic? If I read before I sleep and go back home, it won’t be too challenging to read 20 books.

is it timely? I take 1 hour and 15 min to get to home, so if I read every few days this goal will be accomplished.

Q2 Work Habits Rubric

Q2 Goals Presentation

Q3 Goals

Reading:

Goal: I will add at least 50 words to my wonder word wall

S it is specifiic as I have to just exactly only read 5 books by the end of the quarter.

M It is measurable as you can look at the blog and see my progress

A it is actionable as I was able to do 100 in one quarter when I really tried so I bet if I do it naturally I’ll get the words in really quick.

R it is realistic as if I keep a sticky note around or something I can write on the books I read, then it’d be finished without much problems

T it is timely as if I take the same time as I read now and just work on my wonder wall, it’d be done in no time

Writing:

Goal: I will work on NoRedInk for 15 min 3 times every week.

S It is specific as I have time and how many times I’m going to work on NoRedInk in my goal.

M it is measureable as  NoRedInk actually has a progress sheet of how much you’ve finished

A It is attainable as I won’t get lazy and stop doing it if it’s 3 times during a week.

R it is realistic as I have many free time and I can use 15 minutes of every week.

T it is timely as I can keep up with 15 minutes 3 times every week.

Goal Grades

Work Habits Rubric Q4

Q4 Goals Oral

Wonder Words Wall

Where The Red Fern Grows (Wilson Rawls)

– Runoff = A further competition because of a tie.

– Minnows = A small freshwater Eurasian fish of the carp family, which typically forms large numbers of fishes

– Potholes = A deep natural underground cave formed by the melting of rocks mostly because of water

Sleet = Rain containing some ice in it

– Buggy = A small motor vehicle such as golf carts

– Gust = A sudden strong force of wind

– Lull = Sending someone to sleep mostly with soothing sounds

– Gully = A ravine formed by water

– Propped = A pole used to support structures from falling

– Gawking = Stare openly and stupidly, such as staring off into space

– Goggle-Eyed = Having starting eyes especially because of astonishment

– Snag = Hidden obstacles

– Foothill = A low hill at the base of the mountain

– Mantel = A mantelpiece (Structure of wood, marble, stone around a fireplace)

– Ringtail = A ring-tailed cat or lemur

– Haunches = A butt and thigh considered together

– Baying = Bark or howl loudly mostly because of a dog

– Quavering = Shake or trembling while speaking

– Mound = Round mass projecting above a surface such as a bush sticking out on the grass

Harry Potter and The Deathly Hallows

– Brambles = A prickly shrub usually from roses

– Blunt = Not having a sharp edge or point

– Wrought-iron = A tough form of iron usually made for forging

– Strutting = A rod or bar forming a part of a framework

– Sumptuously = Amazing and expensive looking

– Ornate = Highly decorated

– Illumination = Light (Sentence: Higher Amount of Illumination was Needed to Read)

– Surmounted = Overcome a difficulty or obstacle

– Threshold = A strip of wood or stone forming the bottom of the doorway

– Subjugate = Bring under control

– Demeanour = Outward behaviour

– Rigid = Unable to bend or be changed into a different shape

– Imploring = Begging someone desperately

– Prune = A plum reserved by drying and having a black wrinkly appearance

– Debris= Scattered pieces of rubbish

– Mutual = Experienced

– Pockmarked = A pitted scar in the skin left by a spot

– Visage = Literally a person’s face

– Hue = A color or shade

– Notoriety = The state of being famous because of bad qualities

– Attest = Provide clear evidence

– Remotest = Situated far away from main population

– Tendency = An inclination toward a particular characteristic

– Subsequent = Coming after something in time

– Correspondence = Close connection

– Intervened = Take part in something

– Cordial = Warm and friendly

– Impertinent = Not showing proper respect

– Obituary = A notice of death usually written in newspapers

– Harried = Feeling strained

– Clamouring = A loud and confused noise

– Dungheap = A heap of dung

– Adolescence = The period following the unset of puberty

– Contemplate = Look carefully for a long time

– Rucksack = Schoolbag

– Bamboozled = Informal fool

– Appalled = appeals, stands out

– Lumbered = Move in slow heavy awkward way

– Tremulous = shaking slightly

– Teeter = Move or balance unsteadily

– Hurtled = Cause to move at high speed

– Appliances = A device made to perform a specific task

– Lanky = Ungracefully thin or tall

– Hangdog = Having a guilty appearance

– Basset = Sturdy hunting dog

– Hubbub = A chaotic din created by a crowd of people

– Complacency = Showing uncritical satisfaction

– Grimaced = Ugly, twisted expression on a person’s face

– Impunity = Exemption from punishment

– Paramount = More important than anything else

– Ominously = Giving a worrying expression that something bad is going to happen

– Groped = Search blindly or uncertainly by feeling with the hands

– Navel = A rounded knotty depression in the centre of a person’s belly caused by the detachment of the umbilical cord after birth

– Clambered = Climb or move in an awkward way

– Laboriously = Requiring lots of time and effort

– Etched = Protect stone wood or metal or stone by coating it with a protective layer

– Brandy = A strong spirit caused by alcohol

– Jeered = Make rude and mocking expressions

– Dispelling = Make something you think of disappear such as doubt, feelings or a belief

– Skullduggery = Dishonest behaviours

– Beleaguered = Lay siege

– Coaxingly = Persuade someone gently to do something

– Mutinous = Solider or sailor refusing to do what the authority says

– Vigilance = The action of watching or searching cautiously

– Gingerly = Careful or cautious manners

– Excruciatingly = Intense back pain

– Flit = Move swiftly and lightly

– Streaked = A mark different to the colour or substance of its surroundings

– Deemed = Consider in a specific way

– Flustered = Making someone angry or agitated

– Transpired = A secret unknown to become known

– Revelling = To enjoy yourself with a lively way such as dancing and singing

– Parcel = An object covered with paper so it can be posted/mailed

– Succumbed = Fail to resist temptation

– Seclusion = To be in a state of being private and staying away from people

– Appraising = Access the value or quantity

– Ingrained = Firmly fixed or established or done

– Prodigious = Impressively big

– Bemused =  To be confused

– Marquee = A large tent used for social function

– Burgeoning = Growing very fast

– Gormless = Lacking sense or knowledge

– Emblazoned = Display a design on

– Hammock = A bed made from ropes that are attached to two ends Example: Tree Bed

– Diadem = Crown that symbolises ultimate power

– Airier = Spacious

– Plinth = A base supporting a statue

– Besom = Broom shaped like a witch broom

– Pallid = Pale due to health issues

– Incantations = Words for a magic spell/charm

– Gallant = Heroic Behaviour

– Tartan = Woollen Cloth with different patterns

– Groggy = Dazed or weak

– Hobbled = To walk in a awkward way

Double Vision (F. T. Bradley)

– Scalp = Skin covering the head but not the face

– Dilemma = A situation where a person have to make a difficult choice

– Amends = Doing the right thing to make up for the wrong things you did.

– Convo = Conversation

– Lactose = A sugar from milk

– Fib = A unimportant lie

Dead End in Norvelt (Jack Gantos)

– Conquistadors = A conqueror

– Blunderbuss = A large gun for firing slugs or balls

– Waterlogged = Something filled with water

– Scalding = Very hot

– Paraffin = Flammable

Madhattan Mystery (John J. Bonk)

– Dawdle = Waste Time or to be Slow

– Vamoose = To leave hurriedly

– Slingback = A shoe snapped in place by the ankle

The Blood of Olympus (Rick Riordan)

Gnarled = Rough and twisted thanks to age

– Amphora = A tall ancient greek jug

– Myrtle = A evergreen shrub with white flowers

– Gauze = A thing fabric of silk

– Legion = A division of a group. Each division is about 3000-6000 men

Turtle in Paradise (Jennifer L. Holm)

– Conch = A tropical marine shell

– Conspiratorial = A person who takes part in a conspiracy

– Telegraph = A system for sending messages using wires

City of Bones (Cassandra Clare)
– Tendrils = A slender thread-like appendage of a climbing plant, often growing in a spiral form, which stretches out and twines round any suitable support.

– Appendage = Something that is attached to something larger or important.

– Insouciant = Showing a lack of concern

– Eke = To make an amount or supply of something last longer by using or consuming

Revolution (Deborah 

– Pew = A long bench with a back

– Sermon = A talk on a religious subject

– Beatituding = Extreme blessings

– Ramrod = a rod for ramming down the charge of a muzzle-loading firearm

– Coloreds = Having a color, especially black, white or neutral

– Steeple = A church tower

– Dilapidated = Cause something to fall in ruins

– Sift = put through a sieve so as to remove lumps or large particles

– Stifle = Make someone unable to breath properly

– Waltz = a dance in triple time performed by a couple, who turn rhythmically round and round as they progress around the dance floor

One Crazy Summer (Rita Williams-Garcia)

– Stewadress = a woman who is employed to look after the passengers on a ship or aircraft

– Mound = a rounded mass projecting above a surface

– Muumuu = a woman’s loose, brightly coloured dress, especially one traditionally worn in Hawaii’

Quizlet Test 1

Quizlet Set #4