What I learned about commas.
- Use commas when separating out phrases that don’t need to be there.
- Use commas when linking two independent clauses with a conjunction.
- Use commas when you are addressing someone in particular.
- Use commas when making a list.
- Use commas when you have more than one adjective modifying a noun.
- Use commas after introductory phrases or clauses.
- Don’t use commas when separating two independent clauses without using a conjunction.
- Don’t use commas after the conjunction.
- Don’t use commas when separating and independent and dependent clauses with a conjunction.
What I learned about Punctuating Dialogue.
- Only words spoken are surrounded by quotation marks.
- Little tags saying who said what are separated from the quotation marks by commas.
- Keep punctuation inside quotation marks.
- An uninterrupted speech needs quotation marks only at the beginning and the end.
- Start a new paragraph each time the speaker changes.
- When two people are talking, you don’t have to keep using their names.
Simple, Complex and Compound Sentences:
- A simple sentences is also called an independent clause because it contains a subject and a verb. I also expresses complete thought. An example would be, Michael cooked the roast chicken, because Michael is the subject, cooked is the verb and roast chicken is the object.
- A compound sentence is a sentence made up of two independent clauses joined together using a coordinating conjunction. Coordinating conjunctions can be easily remember as FAN BOYS. Coordinating conjunctions are words like, For, And, Nor, But, Or, Yet and So. An example would be, Michael cooked the roast chicken but the chicken didn’t taste good.
- A complex sentences are made up of several clauses. One of the clauses is a main clause containing the main information of the sentence. There is also a Subordinate clause which gives extra information but cannot be a sentence on its own.
- There are many different subordinating conjunctions including words like as, because, if, that, though and unless. If you use any of subordinating conjunctions in a sentence, that means that you have written a complex sentence.
- The subordinate clause can come at the beginning, end or middle of a sentence. It can also be split in two.
- If the subordinate comes at the beginning, you have to put a comma after it. If the subordinate clause comes at the end, you don’t need to include a comma.
- You can make a complex sentence by using:
- Start with two adjectives
- Start with a ‘ly’ word
- Start with a ‘ing’ word
- End with a ‘ing’ word
- Sandwich technique
- Prepositional phrase
- Start with a conjunction
- End with a conjunction
- Include a simile.
- Compound-Complex sentences have at least two independent clauses and one dependent clause. An example would be: ‘Although I like camping, I haven’t had the time to go lately and I haven’t found anyone to go with.’
– Colons appear all over the place: in sentences, lists and salutations.
– Colon’s only come after a complete sentence so that we can expand on it. For example, we can put a colon in the sentence ‘Timmy wants several toys for Christmas: a Playstation 4, a bicycle, a soccer ball and a i-phone 5s. We can’t put it in the sentence ‘The several toys Timmy want are….’
– Another example is ‘Timmy fell down the well three times last week: on Saturday, Sunday and Wednesday.’ We can’t write ‘Timmy fell down the well on: Saturday, Sunday and Wednesday.’
– We can check to see if a colon works if we substitute it with the word namely. For instance, ”Timmy fell down the well three times last week namely Saturday, Sunday and Wednesday.’
– Colon’s are also found in the salutation of a letter. A salutation can be written as Dear Mr. Pierce, or Dear Mr. Pierce:
– You don’t have to capitalise the first letter after a colon unless the word is one that would normally be capitalised.