History of Photography

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This photo was the earliest photo taken by a camera. The photo is considered the first and earliest because its the earliest surviving photo taken by camera. This photo was taken by Joseph Nicéphore Niépce during the 1826 or 1827. The photo shows a view from upstairs of his house, which depict the le gras, in the burgundy, France,  region. This photograph gives a base to know when photography started. It has a castle like structure, and the horizon line in the back shows that not a lot of people lived in that area. 

Summative task: Portrait


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photo edit

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  • What compositional rules did you apply?

Some composition rules that I applied were rule of thirds, depth and perspective, contrasting colours, lines, and rule of space.

Rule of thirds: 1st photo

depth and perspective: 1st photo

contrasting colours: all photos

Lines: 2nd photo and third photo

Rule of space: 2nd, third photo.

  • What story/message/mood are you trying to convey through your photographs? How did you accomplish this?

1st photo- This photo is trying to convey a dreamy mood, sort of blurry, but still beautiful and full of meaning. In this photo, I wanted to depict the interest in the world. As a child, we are always interested in the new things we find. I know I pointed at a lot of new things I saw. I was trying to capture the interest in the world, and the curiosity, as well as childhood in the picture.

2nd photo- This photo was taken to have the message depict “strong.” I wanted this photo to represent the strength within everybody, and how everybody, no matter what gender or colour, we all can be strong, and unique, as well as have a voice.

3rd photo: This photo depicts Kelly smiling. I think the message behind this photo is that everybody has a unique smile, hence everybody has a perfect smile. I think that you can tell a lot from a person by their facial expressions, especially smiling.



1st photo: To accomplish this photo capturing the interest of the world, and childhood by keeping the angle low kept the depth and centre on Kelly.The depth, in some ways, really helped emphasise on Kelly, instead of the background people.

2nd photo: This photo shows strength. Keeping the angle on an up helped solidify the strength of the photo. It also helped with emphasising the focus on Kelly as well as the vertical lines shown. Using the vertical lines really conveyed the message.

3rd photo:  This photo shows a very simple portrait of Kelly. It highlights her smile and unique face. I had the aperture on around 3.8 which got my photo a really nice focus on just Kelly.

  • What do you think are the 3 most important elements in creating the portrait photograph? (person’s expression, background, lighting, proportions of frame, etc.)

Photo 1:  I took the aperture was really important, as it either gave you really nice light, or really bad light, and depth. Getting the proportions right in the photo was really important as well to help make the photo the most effective. In this photo the position of this photo is really important because without the gesture of the pointing, the photo would be meaningless.

Photo 2: In this photo, the composition of photography rule of lines, really helped give a stable look to the photo. The angle of the photo helped with giving the photo more depth, and lastly the contrast of colour between Kelly and the greenery around her, complements each other.

Photo 3- In this photo, the aperture was very important. Keeping it on quite a low aperture I managed to focus the photo on Kelly. The photo also shows depth and perspective. Lastly the persons expression showed who and what type of unique person they are, which creates, in my opinion, a story.


Research for Afghan girl portrait- Art and design

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This photo titled, Afghan Girl, was taken by a national geographic photographer named Steve McCurry. He took that picture at an Afghanistan refugee camp. The portrait photo captures her sea green eyes, which show not only beauty, but the hard story of living in one of the most war-like tribes of Afghanistan. Inside a school camp, Steve McCurry took pictures of all the students, so he thought that her picture would be no different. He noticed her shyness, so he approached her last. He took the picture with her permission, although she didn’t seem to happy about it. Hence, after the picture was taken, he realised how much story it depicted. In June 1985, the photo was on the cover of a national geographic magazine. For 17 years, her picture caught the hearts of many, yet nobody knew her name. Later on, Steve went back with a group of people in search of the girl. They finally found her, and learned of her name. Her name is Sharbat Gula. After talking to her, they learned that the hardship started at a young age when the soviet invasion occurred. The invasion hit her city, and her parents were killed.



The Power of Observation

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Reflection for “Handy Value Drawing”

Use the following prompts to guide you in your reflection.  Make sure to use paragraph form and correct punctuation.


1) Give a brief description of your work

My hand drawing depicts two hands holding a lotus flower. Around the flower lays an optical illusional design in a organic pattern. The combination of the organic pattern and the lotus flower creates a very natural, and earthy feel.

2) What kind of hand gestures and expressions did you use and why? What are you “saying” in your drawing?

In my drawing I wanted to depict that together we can make beautiful things, but individually it will only look half as good. It also shows through the lotus flower, that everyone in the world is holding a beautiful thing. In our hands we hold the earth, nature and all natural things. We hold the power to change these things for the better or worse. Through this drawing I wanted to show that as human’s we have the power to change the world, but we can’t do it alone. Together we can make the earth beautiful.

3) What effect does the value drawing and separation of spaces have on your drawing?

It creates a mirror like effect, and the separation of spaces, gives the drawing more depth. If it were all one value (eg. black or white) or one space, then it wouldn’t create the depth we seek in this drawing.

4) In your opinion, is your drawing successful and why or why not?

In my opinion, I think that the message behind my drawing is powerful. For me, a drawing with a powerful message that people can walk away with, is more powerful than having a drawing that is really flawless but has no meaning. Furthermore, people can’t copy the original drawing and hence can’t take it away, but they can take away a powerful message. Hence I think that I have tried my best in the limited amount of time, (I believe that if I work on it, it can look better) but I would say it was successful in my opinion.


Sketchbook Reflection


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  • Describe the work (sketchbook) and how you made it?

The first step to making the sketchbook was to outline the cover page and the back page. So we got an A3 paper and took two cardboard A4 papers and glued them to the A3 paper, leaving a space between the middle of the A3, and the actual paper. By doing this we prevent the pages of the notebook to stick out of the sketchbook. After that we ensured the glue to stay by using masking tape to solidify the binding. Then we designed the cover page. After we started to design the cover page I then folded in half 12 pieces of paper, for the inside of the sketchbook.We then punched holes every 3cm in the masking tape binding with a nail and a hammer. Then we bind the papers to the cover page by stitching it together. Finally we got to tie off the string and our sketchbook finished.  For mine, I kept it in monotone colours. This was a theme that may or may not continue depending on what else I would like to design on it. Besides the monotone colours I also drew two symbolic drawings, so far. The first is a baby Emperor Penguin. The second is a swirly floral design. These represent the simplicity that things can be, yet it can be complicated at the same time.

  • What are the benefits of creating your own sketchbook?

By creating our own sketchbook I got to reflect myself onto my own book. I could put penguins anywhere and things that wouldn’t go together usually. If we all got the same notebook with the same design on it, there would be no value. In thirty years, if we did look back, the notebook we made would be special and sentimental, not because we bought it in a store but because we made it. If we just got a store bought one, it wouldn’t have the same value. By making our own and going through the difficulty of making just one notebook, made me appreciate books, and notebooks even more than I used to because seeing the process being challenging to make in dozens, it is now better appreciated.

  • What would you do to change the design and construction of the sketchbook?

If I could change the design of the sketchbook I would make it multimedia meaning that we could choose to decorate our sketchbooks with different materials. For example, we could cover our sketchbooks with cloth, and to make it not that flat, we could add a thin layer of stuffing between the cover, and the fabric. For the construction of the sketchbook, I think that the way we do it is quite easy and very nice. But if we did change it, perhaps we could follow this:


Or like this:


Or possibly use design paper or use less paper altogether.