Grammar

Colons

Colons are used to add additional information to an already complete sentence. They cannot be used to conjoin two sentences as if a comma. They are most commonly (almost always) used to add a list to clarify or expand on information on the other sentence.

Eg: There are three things I don’t like about school (complete sentence) : Homework, Schoolwork, any other work.

Whenever in doubt about colon usage swap out the colon with a namely. Colons are something to be used sparingly to clarify a specific part in a list format. So they can be boring in writing piece.

Eg: There are three things I don’t like about school, namely Homework, Schoolwork, and any other work.

You might also use a colon in the salutation of a letter. Instead of using a comma at the end of it you can use a colon

Dear Mrs Bevear:

You don’t need to capitalise the first letter after a colon unless it would usually need to be capitalised

 

Tenses table

Simple, Compound and Complex Sentences.

Simple sentence: A subject and a predicate in a sentence. Eg. The teacher stared.

Compound sentence: Two simple sentences connected by a conjunction (Fanboys: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so). Eg. He didn’t like to play outside, so he stayed inside all day.

Complex sentences: Is an independent or main clause with an additional dependent clause to add information to the sentence. Eg. Frustrated and tired, Joe continued his workout.

ways to make a complex sentence:

  • start with two adjectives
  • start with a ly word
  • start with an ing word
  • end with an ing word
  • sandwich technique
  • prepositional phrase
  • start/end with a conjunction
  • simile

 

 

Punctuating Dialogue

Dialogue is used in stories to show what certain characters say at certain times. This post will show you how to, and how not to punctuate your dialogue.

When and what to use:

  1. Quotation marks: When punctuating dialogue you must put quotation marks around all of the text that a character is speaking. For example “I like to eat food,” said Joe.
  2. Punctuation: Keep the punctuation inside the quotation marks. When you have an exclamation mark or a question mark you have to keep it inside not outside the quotation marks. A correct sentence would be “I like to eat food,” said Joe. Not “I like to eat food”, said Joe.
  3. Quotation marks: Uninterrupted speech only needs quotation marks at the beginning and the end. You never need them in between. An incorrect example would be “I like you a lot.” “But that was really mean.”
  4. Paragraphs: Always start a new paragraph when a new character speaks. A good example could be this:

“I like to eat food,” said Joe.

“I also like to eat food,” replied Jill.

Commas

Commas are a punctuation mark that we use almost daily in every single one of our stories and sentences. But commas are misused a lot and we still don’t realize it, but there is something we can do. I have made a little list about how to, and not to use commas.

You can do!

  1. Combine two independent clauses with a conjunction and a comma.
  2. When adding detail to an independent clause (My dog, Morton, is lazy. OR: my dog is lazy)
  3. When addressing somebody in particular (Lets eat, grandma)
  4. When making a list
  5. When you have more than one adjective modifying a noun (The witty, amazing Thomas)
  6. After an introductory phase or clause

When not to do!

  1. When combining two independent clauses without a conjunction (Splice)
  2. After the conjunction
  3. When separating a dependent and independent clauses with a conjunction.

Goals

Q2 Goals Presentation

Q3 Goals Presentation

Q4 Reading Goal:

By the end of the year I would like to have read 2 books of comedic, horror, realistic fiction, and informational writing.

S: To accomplish this goal I need to have 2 books of 4 different genres (see above) which is very specific.

M: This goal needs 8 books of 4 different genres so it is very measurable as it can be recorded in our reading log to show how many we have read.

A: If I am active in reading specific genres I can achieve this goal.

R: This goal is realistic as I have read an average of 9 books per quarter leaving me with space to choose a random book.

T: This goal will be accomplished by the end of this quarter.

 

Q4 Writing Goal:

I will incorporate at least 5 words into my writing from my WWW into my books to better understand word choice and function of these words.

S: I need to incorporate at least 5 words from my WWW

M: I can be measured by counting the words on my wonder wall and checking how many have been used in my writing

A: If I can actively look for new words and understand the words on my wonder words wall I can definitely achieve this

R: 5 words from my WWW is realistic enough because of the certain circumstances in which different words change per piece so it is definitely realistic.

T: This is done by the end of the quarter.

Also maybe as an external idea could post a topic on a game or topic I enjoy (not here though maybe on Bungie.net or other sites).

 

Q3 Reading Goal:

Reach 200 Words on my Wonder Words Wall

S: When Im reading consistently add words to my Wonder Words Wall

M: My WWW will show whether I manage 200 words or not

A: I believe that I can achieve this by keeping my blog open while reading

R: This goal will help benefit my word choice and help me learn new words

T: This goal will be completed by the end of the School Year

Q3 Writing Goal:

I will improve my general punctuation skill by spending more time actively looking for errors in my writing.

S: When Im revising my work I will more actively search for punctuation errors in my writing by working on sites such as noredink

M: My writing pieces will show whether or not I accomplish this goal

A: This goal can be achieved if I get better at recognising punctuation errors in my writing.

R: This goal will help my general quality of writing and keep me away from bad grades and silly errors

T: This goal will be completed by the end of the School Year

 

 

Q2 Reading Goal:

While I am reading I will find 5-10 different words that baffle me and add it to my Wonder Words Wall.

S: When Im reading I will consistently find 5-10 different words that I can add to my WWW.

M: My WWW will show how consistent and if I’ve followed through with my goal.

A: When I read I will also have my blog open so as to remind me to add new words.

R: To make this happen I will have to instead of just skipping words I don’t understand. To Look them up and record them.

T: I will hopefully feel like I have completed this goal by the end of Q2

Q2 Writing Goal:

To consistently use new and interesting words into my writing pieces.

S: I will use new words instead of reusing boring dull words.

M: My grades on my writing pieces will show weather I have followed through with this goal.

A: This will require me to look for overused words and try to find new more descriptive words and underline the words that I have changed.

R: I will have to check myself when I use boring words and use more descriptive ones.

T: The end of Q2 is when I should complete this goal.

Wonder Words Wall

Definitions from Google

Vocab Quiz 3

Vocab Quiz 2

 

Vocab Quiz 1

Terse: Brief and to the point.

Surpass: be or do something to a greater degree

Transient: Enduring a very short time

Immutable: not subject or susceptible to change or variation in form or quality or nature

Disperse: move away from each other

Inane: Complacently or inanely foolish

Vilify: spread negative information about

Superficial: involving a surface only

Abridge: reduce in scope while retaining essential elements

Alleviate: provide physical relief, as from pain

Complacent: showing smug or uncritical satisfaction with oneself or one’s achievements.

Life of Pi

Pg 11: Cesspool, a temporary underground storage of waste.

Pg 13: Turnstile, a rotating door made of horizontal bars on a pole allowing only one person through at a time.

Pg 15: Manifold, many and various

Stained Glass

Bungalow: a low house having only one storey or, in some cases, upper rooms set in the roof, typically with dormer windows

Deter: discourage (someone) from doing something by instilling doubt or fear of the consequences.

Bewilder: cause (someone) to become perplexed and confused.

Tentatively: Hesitantly, like you were entering a dangerous unknown situation.

Quenched: satisfy (one’s thirst) by drinking.

Loft: a room or space directly under the roof of a house or other building, used for accommodation or storage.

Sedate: calm, dignified, and unhurried.

Languish: (of a person, animal, or plant) lose or lack vitality; grow weak.

Queer: strange; odd.

Parapet: a low protective wall along the edge of a roof, bridge, or balcony.

Decree: an official order that has the force of law.

Traverse: travel across or through.

Inhabited: (of a person, animal, or group) live in or occupy (a place or environment).

Inscribed: write or carve (words or symbols) on something, especially as a formal or permanent record.

Ascended: go up or climb.

Faceted: one side or aspect of something

Superstition: excessively credulous belief in and reverence for the supernatural.

Glistening: (of something wet or greasy) shine with a sparkling light.

Glimpsed: see or perceive briefly or partially.

Crenellated: provide (a wall of a building) with battlements.

Blood of Olympus

Primordial: existing at or from the beginning of time; primeval.

Pontifex: (in ancient Rome) a member of the principal college of priests.

Kudzu: a quick-growing eastern Asian climbing plant with reddish-purple flowers, used as a fodder crop and for erosion control. It has become a pest in the southeastern US.

Cairn: a mound of rough stones built as a memorial or landmark, typically on a hilltop or skyline.

Obelisk: a stone pillar, typically having a square or rectangular cross section and a pyramidal top, set up as a monument or landmark.

Psychological: of, affecting, or arising in the mind; related to the mental and emotional state of a person.

Bouquet: an attractively arranged bunch of flowers, especially one presented as a gift or carried at a ceremony.

Chauffeur: a person employed to drive a private or rented automobile.

Undermine: damage or weaken (someone or something), especially gradually or insidiously.

Patricide: the killing of one’s father.

Poltergeist: a ghost or other supernatural being supposedly responsible for physical disturbances such as loud noises and objects thrown around.

Incarcerated: imprison or confine.

Brooding: showing deep unhappiness of thought.

Plumage: a bird’s feathers collectively.

Visage: a person’s face, with reference to the form or proportions of the features.

melee: a confused fight, skirmish, or scuffle.

midst: in the middle of.

pantomimed: express or represent (something) by extravagant and exaggerated mime.

Brethren: archaic plural form of brother.

Revolver

Cavernous: like a cavern in size, shape, or atmosphere.

Eerie: strange and frightening.

Esquimaux: a member of a people inhabiting the Arctic (northern Canada or Greenland or Alaska or eastern Siberia); the Algonquians called them Eskimo (`eaters of raw flesh’) but they call themselves the Inuit (`the people’)

 

Other

Deliberately: Done consciously and intentionally

Concise: Giving a lot of information in a clear brief manner

Insidious: proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with harmful effects.

Archaic: very old or old-fashioned.

Ignoramus: an ignorant or stupid person.

plethora: a large or excessive amount of (something).

Liturgy: a form or formulary according to which public religious worship, especially Christian worship, is conducted.

 

Paint Chip Poem

Diamond is the color of the sky

push a button

let them fly

glance at all the rockets fly

up into the sky

Listen to the tiny chute

capture all the wind

Diamond is a Sky color

a rocket color

an awesome color