I2P Planner Presentation Reflection

Describe the problem in less than 3 sentences, explaining the what, why, who, how of the problem. Mash together two ideas and create a catchy slogan that sums up your ideas.

Our problem was finding the balance of a functional yet visually appealing physical and electronic planner that would be beneficial for students. This was a problem that we as students have faced due to the vast differences and preferences in planner choices for students here at our school. We believe that creating a functional planner for all students was of high priority as it may drastically affect a student’s organization and grades.

‘Design your life.’

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^These are two of the cover designs that customers could choose from in order to customize their own planner to their taste What is the vision and mission of your solution?What is the vision and mission of your solution?

 

What is the vision and mission of your solution?

By the end of our process, we wanted to develop a planner that suited everyone at our school’s needs. Firstly, everyone needs to be satisfied with the cover and insert design, so we made different covers that people could choose from that suited their liking. Also, we made two prototypes with different insert layouts to suit different people’s needs on how they like to visualize their week/month.

We also wanted to create a planner that was both easy to use and something people would actually want to use on a day to day basis to plan out their week/month. We believe that if an organization system works, then the person would be motivated to keep using that system to help them stay on top of things. We wanted people to keep using our planner, so we made many different designs and organization styles to hopefully be able to suit a broad range of people’s needs.

We were able to do this by firstly interviewing people before we started making our prototype and using that data to create a planner style accordingly.

Who are the stakeholders? What will be the impact your solution make to them?

The stakeholders and people we planned to serve were pretty much only HKIS High School students and the parents of those students. We wanted to help the high school students by having an organized system that keeps all their homework assignments together and give the parents a copy of the planner to help them know the dates of any important school events. This way, both students and parents can be aware of what’s going on at school.

As stated before, we wanted our impact to be positive. We wanted to help students get better grades in school by being able to remember and do all of their formative homework assignments. We also plan on positively impacting HKIS parents by letting them know the dates of school events, in turn allowing them to be more connected to their kids and the school community itself.

 

Review the possible solutions, rate and analyze the pros and cons of each of them.

During the design process, we came up with many solutions. Though all of them had their benefits, they also had their downsides.

 

1) Having a customizable cover

Instead of having a plain or generic cover design, some students wanted to have something that was good to look at. In other words, they wanted something that made the planner feel like its theirs and that its suited to their style. We thought that this was actually a very important aspect of designing planners because for some people, having a pretty planner would help to motivate them to actually want to use it on a day to day basis.

 

Solution(s) to solve this request:

 

One of the solutions we came up with in order to solve this problem was having simple blank cover but have a plastic pocket as the cover. This way, the blank sheet of paper could be a good cover design for people who prefer a minimalistic style. We incorporated the plastic pocket as the cover so people could actually design their own covers for the planer. All they had to do was design their cover onto a sheet of paper and scale it down to size before slipping it into the pocket. This way, people could have an infinite amount of designs that suits their style.

Pros: There will be an infinitely large number of possible designs, and people won’t be limited to the cover designs that we provide them with.

Cons: Making the plastic pocket would require it to be a spiral bound planner, which is much harder to make compared to a simple staple bound planner.

 

2) Electronic vs Paper planning

Solution(s) to solve this request:

 

Since we live in the modern technological day and age, there will be people who like to use electronic planning as well as people who like to use the traditional, paper planning. In order to try and meet everyone’s needs, we decided to make a paper planner as well as an electronic to-do list that was coded by Mia.

Pros: The online to do list was very simple and easy to use

Cons: The to do list had no dates, so some people may not like that.

3)  Planner inserts that would work for everyone

Solution(s) to solve this request:

 

Another issue that was brought up by people when we initially interviewed them was the issue of the actual inserts for the planner. We sought to solve this problem by incorporating both weekly and monthly inserts into the planner. This way, we could cover people who prefer a monthly view, people who prefer a weekly view, and people who like to have both at a glance.

We also decided to make the weekly inserts have the school organized events pre-printed onto them, so students wouldn’t have to copy it down themselves.

Pros: We can help people who have a broad range of preferences: monthly, weekly, and both.

Cons: If we add all inserts together into one planner, people who don’t need all of them may find it thick and bulky to carry something around that they won’t even end up using.

 

What are the potential challenges you may face?

Something that obviously was difficult to overcome was trying to find a balance for those people who like to use both an electronic and paper planner. Since paper doesn’t sync with technology, people may have to write things twice since the two planners wouldn’t sync together so that they could see everything at a glance at either one.

Another challenge that all of us faced was the development of the electronic planner. Since all of us (except Mia) had little or no knowledge about coding, it was hard for us to try and develop a system for online planning. Even our end electronic planner product was extremely simple and was more functional than it was visually since we didn’t quite have the skill to make it more visually appealing.

 

Tasks to complete the solution and possible prototypes you can make.

Since our planner was designed to suit HKIS high school students and parents, we decided to survey high school students and parents as well as take note from the current student planner in use and looking for planner layouts on the web.

Based on the information gathered from all three of our sources, we began to try and mix that information to create our own prototype. We did this by making an extremely rough draft of the layout freestyle. We drew this by hand as a placeholder and reference whilst other members copied the layout onto the computer so we could print it out later.

Obviously we couldn’t get a very clear idea of what the real product would look like just by looking at the rough drafts, so we decided to print some of the inserts as well as get Weilyn to do some calligraphy in order to actually get a very specific idea of what the end product would look like. After creating some more cover designs that more people could choose from, we decided that we were satisfied with our end product.

 

Come up with something you can test and prototype. Break it down into small pieces.

In the end, we came up with two things that we could test and prototype—our paper and electronic planner(s). With the electronic planner, we tried to make it to the best of our ability, whilst we modeled the paper planner off what our students and parents said they wanted.

We decided to create a solution to all the problems stated above and combine all of their thoughts into one conveniently held end product. We ended up basing a lot of our paper planner off of what students thought, such as having both weekly and monthly layouts since students liked both, increasing the size of the homework boxes since students complained that they didn’t have enough space to write their homework, and making it customizable since students wanted to be able to enjoy looking at and using their planner.

In order to measure our level of success and accuracy with our planner, we had to conduct another survey to see if there were any improvements before and after creating our prototype.

Once again, we went around the school to survey more students. Overall, the feedback was positive and an improvement could be seen. People said that they would actually consider investing in and using our planner, but there were still bits that we could improve on. For example, people said they liked the multitude of cover designs that they could choose from, but wanted to see some designs that also would appeal to boys. Since we were an all girls group, I guess it never crossed our minds to incorporate something that guys would like because we didn’t know what planner layout they would like.

Here are the results of our survey:

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Overall, this short project was a great experience to have some hands on action on something that I was passionate about—planners and planning. This was an interesting project that opened my eyes to more perspectives from other people regarding how they plan and how they different from my methods of planning.

 

UPDATE:

 

1. Summary of your testing results

Through our conclusive test results, we found that our planner is an improvement from what the school had before this. Students didn’t like how there wasn’t enough space in their planners to fully write down ALL of their homework (presumably because they had a lot of HW) and how they didn’t like the design of the planner cover and inserts since it looked to bland for their tastes. In my opinion, we were able to solve 75% of this problem. We were able to fully resolve the issue of making the insert sheets more user friendly, but we weren’t fully able to resolve the cover design issue. Since we didn’t interview many boys, it didn’t cross our minds to ever make more gender neutral or masculine covers. Overall, I believe we did a great job in improving student planners in the short amount of time we were given but we still have a long road to go in order to really make it beneficial for virtually all students at this school.

By the end of this project, I felt a strong pay off. I felt extremely proud since I was able to improve something for others that I had originally taken for granted. In the end, the quality of our work also paid off. After interviewing the ladies at the dragon shop who were parents of students themselves, Amber (store manager?) said that she was impressed with our work and would consider printing out and selling our planners for high school students here at HKIS in the store if we kept working on and improving our product at our current rate.

2. Answer this question..“What does Design Thinking process have to do with programming?”

I believe that one of the main objectives of programming is to solve a problem. In order to solve a problem, you firstly need to able to identify and know what that problem is. Without knowing what the problem is, you obviously won’t be able to solve it.

After identifying the problem comes developing strategies and processes in order to try and solve the problem. You have to try and think outside of the box in order to come up with original solutions that don’t already exist in order to solve your problem. In my opinion, this is the hardest part of the design process since there is an infinite process of trial and error. In order to see if those solutions are pragmatic, you have to test them many times. Testing your prototype may deem it a fail, so you have to repeat the process until you get a solution that works and you’re happy with.

 

3. Create three:

 “I can..” statements from this process

I can empathize with people and identify they’re problems.

can use the process of design thinking to create a functional and beneficial prototype.

I can interpret feedback and constructive criticism positively and realize that it is key in the steps leading to further improvement.

 

I2P: Pecha Kucha Development

For the interview project that I had to conduct, I decided to choose a topic about the food at HKIS and the pricing. My partners for this project were Sheel, Carlos, and Olivia.

Before we even started this project, we decided to brainstorm some ideas for what bothered us. Even though I came up with many ideas and wrote them all down on sticky notes, something I was really annoyed with at this school was the cafeteria. Because I kinda had a passion for food and the food at this school, I decided to work in the group that would be conducting interviews with people concerning the school food here at HKIS.

One of the first tasks that the four of us had to complete was to create a questionnaire with the questions that we wanted to ask people so we would be prepared when we actually went to interview the person. Ms. Mok advised us to try and have open ended questions that would require an abstract answer, as opposed to a closed question that had a ‘yes or no’ answer. This way, we could have more specific opinions rather than just yes or no.

Even though this was the first and probably one of the easiest tasks, our group still struggled with coming up with good questions. We also did have some disputes within the group, which meant there was some misunderstanding as to what questions were good and which ones weren’t. Also, at one point of our development, our group values quantity over quality, so there were a lot of questions in our questionnaire; but they were all yes or no questions.

After Ms. Mok’s opinion and further revision, we finally got a decent number of questions that would help us to have more useful results. Instead of having yes or no answers, these questions asked for answers that students had to come up with themselves.

 

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In order for us to try and interview multiple people at the same time, we decided to pour all of our questions into one common google doc. This way, we can all use our phones and laptops to go out and ask people questions separately. This way, we could have more results that would give us a more clear and detailed end result and consensus.

We also ended up recording the results on the same document, so we could easily access out results and the questions at the same time on the same document.

 

We took full advantage of being able to interview many people at the same time, so we decided to split into pairs of two so that we can interview more people.

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When we interviewed people, we made sure that we took good detailed notes and quotes from their answers. When I was making my Pecha Kucha, I realized how important it really was to keep quotes since they are more reliable and are the exact answers that were given by people.

 

When I was making my Pecha Kucha, I also faced many difficulties. One difficulty that I had to overcome was to be able to include all my content on my slide that was only 20 seconds long. This proved to be hard for me because I usually like to add extra details and descriptions in order to make it more clear. With a timed presentations for only 20 seconds, I was not able to add these details because I wouldn’t have enough time to address some of the real issues. I also had to find a way to write a script that was easily memorizable as well as practicing many times so that it was consistently at the same pace so that the timing would always be 20 seconds every time I practiced.

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After reviewing my presentation many times, I realized that I had too many slides concerning what the likes and the dislikes were towards the cafeteria food here. I spent most of my 20 slides on addressing what the problem was, and not how to solve them. In the end, I only had one to two slides that I could use in order to tell my audience what my proposal was to solve the problem.

I found out what I needed to work on in my presentation, so I decided to solve the problem. I decided to summarize my points more concisely so I could combine two or more slides into one. This way, I could have more slides in order to tell the audience what I plan on doing in order to solve the problem with the food at HKIS.

Backpack Design Reflection

EMPATHY STATEMENT: Mia would like a more customizable backpack, unlike her current one.

 

1) Was your initial design the same or different than your final design?

When our group was brainstorming, we had a lot of ideas that were very outlandish and hard to actually incorporate into our actual prototype. We were trying to be creative, so we added features such as a microwave and a mini fridge. These features were what we wanted inside a portable backpack, but it isn’t quite achieveable using cardboard to create it. Based on practicality, we just settled on a backpack with normal features, but could still fit the empathy statement and was user friendly.

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Our final design is as shown above. We tried to add as many features that we thought we would like in a backpack, and features that were more user-friendly and was for the benefit and convenience of the user. We achieved this by adding a water bottle holder so that the user could conveniently put their bottle in, a detachable fanny pack with dividers so its easier for the user if they want to carry around a smaller bag which is clearly organised. We also added many compartments to the interior, once again for the better usage of the user such as the detachable pencil case and laptop pouch. Additionally, we added an umbrella to the top so that the user could have their hands free to hold other things and not an umbrella when its raining.

To summarise, we kind of based our whole design on a better convenience for the user of the backpack.

 

2) Where did you get stuck?

One of the main challenges that we had to face and overcome was arranging what aspects or features of the bag we wanted to keep, and which ones we wouldn’t incorporate into our bag. Another challenge was figuring out who was going to do what. Since we decided to work as a large table group of 5 members (Sonia, Weilyn, Mia, Olivia, and I), we needed to split up the work so we could work efficiently and not have to argue over who was doing what.

In the end, we managed to split up the work evenly which resulted in the timely completion of the bag. Though we all worked on our own pieces and did finish them on time, we weren’t exactly in sync with each other all the time, so there were some difficulties (such as the bag straps) that we faced when it came time to assemble all of our individually constructed parts together.

 

3) Where did you get your best ideas?

I believe that our group got its best ideas when we put all of our empathy statements together. Since we were a group of 5, we had 5 different empathy statements. We then as a group combined our empathy statements and built our backpack based on that. Some of us wanted a customizable backpack, others wanted a utilitarian backpack, and some just wanted something comfortable and practical. We mainly went with the theme of a backpack that was utilitarian, meaning that it had useful functions that could benefit the user. Our best ideas came from what we wanted to see in a backpack that we thought would be useful.

4) How did you fit your partner’s needs?

My original empathy statement was to create a more customisable backpack for Mia because she wanted to be able to personalise her backpack. The end result was a backpack that could be easily customised by adding pins on it or drawing designs. Overall, I think my final product fitted my partner’s needs pretty well.

 

Empathy Stories

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“The happiest moment of my life, well they’re actually two. When both my children were born.”

 

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“The saddest moment was the first time my dad scolded me.”

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“I was happy when I met new friends and teachers.”

Reflection: What did you find out about them vs what you saw in the picture.

Intro To Programming – 17/8/2016

What is a program?

 

Today in class, we learnt what a program was; but in terms of real life situations. My partner (Mia) and I first had to guide each other to the closest door, but the other person would be blindfolded. We had to give instructions like how many steps to walk and how much to turn in which direction. First, we used oral instructions as we went, but after the first run through, we had to write down instructions without testing them first, and then read them out.

Once I tested my written instructions, I realized that programming is actually quite difficult. My instructional steps weren’t specific enough, which caused me to reconsider my steps as I ran the program.

One thing that I can improve on in the future is considering all the variables. If I don’t consider or control the variable, then I can make major miscalculations in the program, which can lead to it failing. I have learnt that when it comes to writing programs, everything needs to be put under consideration.

 

 

Something else that we did this lesson was teaching people how to tie shoe laces your way. Because the shoes I was wearing that day didn’t have any laces, I had to borrow one of Ms. Mok’s shoes in order to complete the activity. Her shoe had laces.

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The main task of the activity was to teach other people how you tie your shoes your way. Since there are many different ways to tie your shoes, people can teach each other their methods.

Once again, this activity kind of represented a program because like in the guiding a partner activity, I had to first write out instructions so that when someone else reads them without me there to guide them, they can understand what I’m trying to  say and successfully tie their shoes with my method.

This was also like a computer program because in a computer program, the computer only runs what you’ve inputted, and not anything else you say to supplement it afterwards.

Surprisingly, I found this extremely challenging because even for such a simple task such as tying shoes, its hard to convey and put it into words exactly how to do it. I am fluent with tying my shoes since I do it multiple times a day, but to me, its kind of like one of those concepts that is extremely easy, but yet difficult to explain.

From this activity, I learnt that being able to put your thoughts into words is very important. If you can’t translate what you want to do into instructions, then you can’t complete the task.

Reading Log Entry #10, 11, 12

Book Equivalent #10, 11, 12   Words: 190858   Date:  28/11/2015

 

Title: Harry Potter and The Goblet of Fire  Author:    J.K Rowling                       

 

Genre ~ Non-Fiction / Fiction Type:  Fantasy         

                                                                           

Opening Sentence: “The villagers of Little Hangleton still called it “the Riddle House,” even though it had been many years since the Riddle family had lived there.”

Favourite word / phrase / sentence:  “And, grinning broadly at the look of horror on Uncle Vernon’s face, Harry set off toward the station exit, Hedwig rattling along in front of him, for what looked like a much better summer than the last.”

Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

Gaunt (Adj): Very thin from disease, hunger, or cold.

Abiding (Adj): Long lasting (of a memory)

Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

This book has been a very creative fantasy. I like it since the story is paced well; it doesn’t move on too quickly or too slowly.

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IMI Reflection SUMMATIVE Post

This is the sequel part to the formative post.

Screwdrivers

For the main screwdrivers, we had 2 sizes and 3 colors. We had red, blue, and green screwdrivers. We also had two sizes; one size with a hole diameter of 5mm and the other at 9mm. Here are the pictures of the different colored and sized screwdrivers:

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After measuring the dimensions, we decided that we could print the same design for the 9mm screwdrivers and the same design for the 5mm screwdrivers. The same size would have the same design, but they would be colored according to the color of the screwdriver.

Second Draft

(This post skips directly to the second draft, as the first post already covers the first draft) After we realised that the holes for the screwdrivers were too close together, we proceeded to move the holes farther apart so that all the screwdrivers could fit inside. We designed them again, but ended up with many failures before we got the ‘perfect’ model. One of them had a big triangular hole in it, the other one just didn’t  print holes for the screwdrivers at all. They are shown below. Screen Shot 2015-12-10 at 9.51.20 AM

After revisiting the design many more times, we finally got the working model and printed many copies of it in different colors for different screwdrivers (pictured below). Screen Shot 2015-12-10 at 9.56.13 AM

Scissors

For the scissors, we used sketchup (again) and designed two poles attached to the backboard which will have each handle of the scissor go in one pole. Here is what it looked like on the computer:

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First Draft

For this project, we only had one draft since we design and measurements went along together. We printed it out using the 3D printer, which took 5 hours; 3 hours longer than the screwdrivers. This is what it looked like when it was done:

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As you may see above, we had to use the hot glue gun to re-glue the poles to the base board.

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This is because the bond between the base board and the poles wasn’t strong enough, so they broke off. We couldn’t really do much with the design either, because if we made the poles thicker, the scissors wouldn’t be able to fit on the holder.

In the end, this scissors holder works and this is what it looks like with the scissors on it.

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Mistakes Made

When we printed the scissors, we did it afterschool. When it came to the time to leave, we decided to turn the printer off whilst it was printing, causing us to lose one and a half hours worth of printing. At the end, we were only left with a unfinished portion of the base board.

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Matrix

Another holder we designed was the matrix screwdriver holder. The matrix screwdrivers are screwdrivers designed to be used for the matrix robotics system. Here are what the screwdrivers look like:

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We printed a similar holder as the normal screwdriver holder, but we made the holes wider in diameter to be able to take in the blue area since that would be where we would hang it by:

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Designing the matrix screwdriver on sketchup was probably one of the hardest things we had to design in this project. We had multiple revisions:

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In the end, the matrix screwdriver didn’t turn out well when we tried to print it, so we are currently revising the design so that it will print out normally on the printer.

Zipties and Stationery Holder

The last thing we decided to design was a holder for stationery (pens, markers, pencils etc…) and zipties (cable ties).

We first designed it out on the whiteboard, having the same design for both the stationery and zipties but just with different dimensions:

 

We basically decided to make it a box that is split into three different compartments:

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The design looked good on sketchup, so we proceeded to print it out.

We were obviously wrong, because this is what we got when we printed the zipties:

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It was weirdly printed, with one compartment a triangle instead of a rectangle and another compartment that was completely gone. We knew that something was wrong with the design, so we started to redesigned it. We are currently redesigning it, so it isn’t finished yet.

Moving on to the stationery holder:

The stationery holder also looked good on sketchup, so we proceeded to print it. Screen Shot 2015-12-14 at 11.11.20 AM

This was expected to be finished within 20 hours spread over a 2-3 day time period, since we had to stop the printer afterschool as 3D printer fires may start.

At lunch time on the second day, I went in to check in on the progress that it had made since PCG. I discovered that someone either pulled the plug out of the socket, or turned the machine off. When you turn off the MakerBot during printing, you will not be able to resume, meaning that Naomi and I lost nearly 16 hours of work due to one person’s mistake. We never found out who did it. We are currently printing another one to replace it.

 

Summary

Overall, this project was a great success even though we didn’t finish our project wasn’t completed (printing, all designing was done). I am proud since students in the next semester and after that will be using the organizers that Naomi and I designed for a very long time.

As for the printing, Naomi and I will take turns coming Wednesdays after school during ‘The Mess’ in semester 2 to finish the printing. Mr. Lea will get the aluminium parts to fit to the organisers so they can hang on the wall.

I believe that by February, we will be done with printing and the organisers will be hanging on the wall for usage.

IMI Slack Wall Organisation Formative Post

Its My Idea: Re-organisation of the slack wall in room 315B

 

For my project, I decided to redesign the organisational structure in room 315B.

This is the current slack wall that is used to store tools:

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We saw that this type of organisation wasn’t ideal, so Naomi and I decided to redesign the boxes and bars that were used to store the items.

 

First, we had to make our plan.

We drew out our possible designs on a sheet of blank paper, brainstorming ideas that we could use in our final designs.

 

 

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Then, we used a tape measure to precisely measure the measurements of the tools so that we could design our pieces to fit the tools.

First, we decided to measure screwdrivers.

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Then, we used our design from the paper and the measurements we took to create a model on SketchUp.

SketchUp is an app that you can use to make 3D models. It is a 3D modelling software.

 

 

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After putting the model that we drew onto the laptop, this is what it looked like:

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We then continued to export this into an .x3g file, the file format that the MakerBot could read so it could print.

This is a video of the MakerBot printing the first draft of our screwdriver holder.

 

About half way through the printing of the first draft, I realised that we had some design issues.

We measured the diameters of the holes, but we didn’t consider the fact that the spacing of the holes would be an issue. We wanted the screwdrivers to hang by their handles like this:

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Our issue was that the distance between the holes (depicted by the green arrow above) was too small, and that the screwdrivers couldn’t fit since the handles would clash against each other, even though the blades of the screwdriver could fit.

 

We learnt from our mistakes, and spaced the holes 4cm apart, more than enough space for the screwdrivers to fit. This is our second draft:

 

 

Afterwards, we again exported it to an .x3g file, placed it on the SD card, and printed it out.

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This is the part one of the IMI post series. The second will be posted later as a summative.

 

Reading Log Entry #8, 9

Book Equivalent #8, 9    Words: 106821    Date:  20/11/2015

 

Title: Harry Potter and The Prisoner of Azkaban   Author:    J.K Rowling                       

 

Genre ~ Non-Fiction / Fiction Type:  Fantasy         

                                                                           

Opening Sentence: “Harry Potter was a highly unusual boy in many ways.”

Favourite word / phrase / sentence:  “And, grinning broadly at the look of horror on Uncle Vernon’s face, Harry set off toward the station exit, Hedwig rattling along in front of him, for what looked like a much better summer than the last.”

Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

Gaunt (Adj): Very thin from disease, hunger, or cold.

Abiding (Adj): Long lasting (of a memory)

Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

This book has been a very creative fantasy. I like it since the story is paced well; it doesn’t move on too quickly or too slowly.

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Reading Log Entry #4,5,6,7

 Book Equivalent #  4 ,5, 6  Words: ~205610    Date:  25/10/15

 

Title: Of Lions and Unicorns    Author: Michael Morpurgo

 

Genre ~ Non-Fiction / Fiction Type: Fiction, Short stories

                                                                            

 Opening Sentence:

 Tracking down a polar bear shouldn’t be that difficult.’

 

Favourite word / phrase / sentence:

‘ “Because he doesn’t need one,” Replied Bertie. “He’s a lion, not a person. Lions don’t need names.” ‘

 

Vocabulary and new terms (with part of speech) and definition:

Quiches (Noun): A type of tart with a savory filling.

Vice (Noun): Wicked behavior

Fascists (Noun): A follower of fascism

Lustily (Adverb): In a strong, vigorous way

Cygnets (Noun): A young swan

Impala (Noun): A type of antelope

Veranda (Noun): A roofed platform outside the house

Crockery (Noun): Tableware

Reflection, Connection & Personal Response:

This book was a collection of extracts from Michael Morpurgo’s books that he has written throughout his career. I like this because it pulls out some of the highlights from all of his famous works.

 

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